Anxiety and anxiety
Anxiety is a vague, unpleasant
Emotional state characterized by the expectation of unfavorable
development of events, the presence of bad premonitions, fear, voltage and
anxiety. Anxiety differs from fear because the alarm state
usually freely, while fear suggests
causing it object, man, events or situations.
Anxiety is a leaning person to experience
The alarm states. Most often, human anxiety is associated with expectation
Social consequences of his success or failure. Anxiety and anxiety
closely related to stress. On the one hand, the emotions of the anxiety
are symptoms of stress. On the other hand, the initial level
Anxiety determines the individual sensitivity to stress.
As well as stress in general, the alarm state cannot be named unequivocally bad or good.
Sometimes anxiety is natural, adequate,
Useful. Each person feels alarm, anxiety or tension
in certain situations, especially if he should do something
unusual or prepare for this. For example, speaking before
audience with speech or exam. Man may experience
anxiety going on the unlock street at night or when he got lost in
Alien city. This kind of alarm is normal and even useful because
encourages to prepare a performance, study the material before the exam,
think about whether you really need to go out at night in
full of loneliness.
In other cases, anxiety is unnatural,
pathological, inadequate, harmful. It becomes chronic,
constant and begins to appear not only in stressful situations, but also
Without visible reasons. Then anxiety not only does not help a person, but,
On the contrary, it begins to interfere with him in his daily activities.
Do you need to treat a pathological alarm? According to the rules
modern psychiatry, it decides the man himself. If he decided to endure
This is an unpleasant condition, it is considered practically healthy and not
in need of psychotherapeutic assistance. If a person wants
improve the quality of life and get rid of pathological anxiety, he
appeals for help to a professional.
Treatment of anxiety and anxiety
When using adequate methods of therapy, alarming disorders are cured well.
Socio-environmental methods (patient training):
- Pedagogical, didactic methods.
- Family therapy.
- Group of self-help.
- Literature for patients.
- Mass media.
- Relaxation training.
- Biological feedback.
- Cognitive psychotherapy.
- Behantic psychotherapy.
- Other types of psychotherapy.
- Benzodiazepine anxiolitics.
- Snevenzodiazepine Anxiolitics.
- Tricyclic antidepressants.
- Monoaminoxidase inhibitors.
- Serotonin Reverse Capture Inhibitors.
- Beta adrenoblocators.
Often the best way to treat is a combination of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy with pharmacotherapy. However, a significant part of the alarming disorders can be cured without
Pharmacotherapy, so drug treatment
It is recommended to assign when non-farmacological methods did not give
Results, as well as to provide emergency care and at the beginning of the course
Psychotherapy can be carried out individually, in
group or in the family. Cognitive psychotherapy helps the patient
learn to recognize thoughts and feelings causing symptoms anxiety, and
also otherwise react to stressful situations. Behanthened
Psychotherapy helps the patient replace self-destructive behavior
positive, reduce the level of tension and learn how to cope with
Stress. Cognitive and behavioral methods of psychotherapy successfully
combined with each other and can be used in parallel.