Loss of teeth over time awaits everyone, soall of us sooner or later be faced with the choice of dentures. Modern dentistry offers a wide range of prostheses. The choice depends on the condition of the teeth and jaws of the patient, his individual wishes and financial possibilities. With the loss of teeth implants have a number of important functions: aesthetic restoration of dentition due to its similarity to natural teeth worthy of a functional replacement of a lost tooth and no inconvenience. Dentures are removable and non-removable. Dentures are basically a choice of older (older) age. Young people prefer non-removable types of prostheses.
Choosing the best type of prosthesis should beto carry out together with the attending dentist. It will assess the state of your oral cavity from a professional point of view and offer the best options for you dentures. The choice will affect the goal that you are pursuing: you want to put a prosthesis for beauty or just get comfortable and practical design. On examination, the dentist may restrict the choice if you have contraindications to certain types of dentures. If you are missing a couple of teeth, the doctor may suggest implantation. The price of products depends on the prosthesis type you have selected and the material from which it is made.
Removable dentures include the following types of products:
- acrylic dentures plate type;
- clasp prostheses (including a partial denture clasp);
- Nylon (silicone) implants;
- full dentures;
- conditionally removable dentures;
- temporary dentures - immediate dentures.
Acrylic dentures differ cheapness,ease of use and maintenance. Disadvantages of this type: a solid material rubs the gums and promotes the formation of small wounds, impaired taste sensitivity (such prostheses is closed most of the sky with the taste buds), dentures quite often broken. With increased gag reflex trigger nausea and violate diction. Clasp dentures are attached with hooks to healthy teeth or implants. Their basis is a metal arch, which holds the artificial gingiva (plastic) and ceramic teeth. Ins clasp dentures are their durability (over 5 years), durability and lack of need for frequent renting. Disadvantages of these prostheses: hooks can spoil the aesthetic appearance and leave the metal taste in the mouth. The positive qualities of nylon (silicone) prosthesis: high flexibility, easy mounting, long-term (5 to 7 years), do not irritate the gums and look natural. The downside is the uneven load distribution during chewing, the high price, especially care and exclusion from the diet of some products.
Examples of non-removable dentures are the following products:
- Ceramic insert cavity in a tooth;
- Ceramics without metal;
- glass and ceramics;
- dental crowns;
- dental bridge;
- dental implants.
Most cases of prosthesis madeusing ceramic inlays. Prostheses of dental ceramics without the addition of metal is almost indistinguishable from natural teeth. When using a base cermets formed from metal and the surface layer is composed of ceramic. The strength of the glass ceramic is low. If the tooth is badly damaged, but its roots are strong and reliable, it would be a good solution microprosthetics by which carried out the restoration of a tooth crown. Microprosthetics may be performed using pins.
Consult with your dentist to choose the most suitable dental prostheses.