Bursitis of the elbow joint


Bursitis of the elbow - inflammation of the elbow joint of the bag. It is mainly developed on the basis of long-term overload of the joint. Bursa grease performs the function of facilitating

Bursitis of the elbow joint

locomotor activity of the elbow joint. Its inflammation disrupts the normal motion of the elbow and brings pain. Bursitis can be post-traumatic: it can provoke a bad fall and injuries. With this inflammatory process periarticular bag filled with fluid, which can later be infected and cause purulent bursitis. The risk of occurrence of bursitis include patients with gout and arthritis. Inflammation of the elbow bursa occurs in acute, subacute, chronic and recurrent forms.

Depending on the type of fluid fillingjoint capsule, isolated serous, hemorrhagic and purulent bursitis. When bursitis effusion serous exudate is not infected with hemorrhagic exudate in the presence of blood is observed, which is characteristic of traumatic inflammation and purulent - septic synovial fluid. Purulent bursitis divided into specific (tubercular, syphilitic and gonococcal origin) and non-specific (infection staphylo- and streptococci).

Symptoms of inflammation of the joint capsule of the elbow

The first sign of a developing bursitisswelling, not bringing any feelings of pain or difficulty in joint mobility. At first glance, a harmless condition, so often people do not hurry to a consultation with the surgeon. But eventually, when the periarticular bag filled with fluid and increases, there is a sharp pain when moving the elbow, the skin reddens, the temperature increases. Additional symptoms of inflammation of the elbow - chills, fever and headaches. Purulent bursitis (without treatment) can cause purulent arthritis. The main difference from arthritis bursitis, gout and pseudogout is to maintain the mobility of the joint.

If you suspect a bursitis reasonably quicklyconsult a surgeon for diagnosis, to avoid unpleasant complications. Acute bursitis with lack of medical care may eventually become chronic, characterized by frequent exacerbations and difficult treatment (up to the surgery).

Diagnosis and treatment of elbow bursitis

Diagnosis and treatment of bursitis carries the surgeon. Methods of diagnosis are as bacteriological studies (to determine the type of fluid) and X-ray diffraction (to determine the nature of the bone damage).

The treatment plan is made by the surgeon depending on the form of the disease course. To control pain and inflammation, doctors practice:

  • drug therapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • surgical intervention;
  • folk remedies.

Among the medications well in treatmentbursitis anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and steroids. In order to eliminate the main symptoms of bursitis used teploprotsedury, UHF and ultrasound. As adjunctive therapy is widely used treatment of folk remedies: packs of propolis, a bath with needles extract, cabbage wraps, various tinctures and decoctions based on anti-inflammatory and antibacterial plants (celery, St. John's wort). For warming You can put bags of hot salt. When purulent and chronic bursitis some folk remedies to achieve a successful outcome does not need surgery. Surgeons practice the following operations:

  • puncture the joint capsule;
  • drainage of the bursa;
  • bursectomy.

Once the recovery is not recommended to load the joint.

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