Inflammation of the lymph nodes oftenaccompanied by pain and signals flowing in the body of the pathological process. This phenomenon is usually associated with infection that attacks the body wholly or locally, and can talk about the beginning of many diseases - from tonsillitis and acute respiratory disease to cancer, such as lymphoma or leukemia. When inflammation of the lymph nodes should see a doctor immediately to determine the cause.
Lymph node - a peripheral bodythe lymphatic system, performing the role of the biological filter body. Inflammation of the lymph nodes - the investigation of infectious diseases of viral or bacterial origin. lymph node system is a barrier to the spread of infection through the body of pathogens. Inflammation of a lymph node is a protective response of the body in response to the penetration of the pathogen. With the development of infectious disease inflammatory process captures an entire group of nodes (lymphadenitis).
The causes of inflammation
If the node is not increased pain and temperatureincreases, which means that he is more actively working. After a while the dimensions are the same. But if the inflammation continues to progress, especially in multi-site, or a whole group of lymph nodes, immediately seek medical attention.
Doctors have identified a number of basic causes of swollen lymph nodes size:
- local infection (local infection by viruses, bacteria or fungi);
- general infection (affecting the body as a whole - tuberculosis, typhoid, rubella, chickenpox, and others.);
- hypersensitivity to certain substances;
- connective tissue disease (systemic lupus erythematosus, arthritis and others.);
- cancers, among them - leukemia, Hodgkin's disease and lymphoma.
Lymphadenitis is a secondary phenomenon. The root cause lies in the disease, which it provoked. For the recognition of the disease is carried out a number of laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures.
Forms of inflammation
Depending on the degree of spread of the disease is an inflammation of the lymph nodes:
- local - affected one category of sites (for example, in the neck);
- Generalized - during inflammation large number of nodes not adjacent to each other.
Acute inflammation of the lymph nodes can occur in three forms:
- Bluetongue (purulent);
- hemorrhagic (blood impurities in the source);
Bluetongue form rarely causes total deteriorationstate of inflammation lesions usually do not hurt, and the skin over them does not blush. Haemorrhagic form can cause pain and fever. When purulent form of pain intensifies, the skin turns red in the focus of infection, the nodes themselves become immobile, deteriorating general condition: increased body temperature, headaches and weakness.
Acute inflammation is usually accompanied by a number of symptoms:
- lymphadenopathy sizes;
- temperature increase;
- malaise, and headache;
- redness of the skin in the area of the lymph nodes, and a sharp increase in body temperature with a fever means the beginning of purulent process.
The chronic form may be a consequence ofsluggish chronic infectious diseases such as chronic tonsillitis. The acute form of the disease in the untimely or incorrect treatment may also become chronic.
In chronic flow of lymph node diseaseThey increase in size, but do not suppurate and do not hurt. When probing reveals that they are sealed and soldered to surrounding tissues. Lymph nodes are enlarged for a long time. Then it begins to occur their gradual reduction and replacement by connective tissue.
Diagnosis and treatment
When diagnostic testing is importantto establish the underlying disease, because it makes no sense to treat them without revealing only causes disease and integrated approach to the treatment with inflammation of the whole group of nodes.
In the initial stage of use effectivelyantibiotics, inhibits the inflammatory process. The greatest effect is given Amoxiclav, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Ceftazidime, Ceftriaxone and Flemoksin. Antibiotic therapy is carried out for 10-14 days and usually helps to stop the inflammatory process. In parallel, the underlying condition is treated. In the case of suppuration of lymph nodes possibly surgery.