The disabled: rights and disability benefits


  • Disability pension
  • The right to housing

  • Disability pension

    Persons with disabilities: the rights and privilegesThe terms of appointment of the disability pension dependsthe cause of the disability. In the case of occupational disease or a work injury disability pension shall be appointed regardless of the length of the total length of service (enough to work even one day in the company). In other cases, for the establishment of disability in the case of common illness requires a work experience at the time of disability. The exception is young people under the age of 20 years, became disabled. They can be assigned to a pension regardless of the time worked.

    Persons with disabilities 1 and 2 groups of pension may beassigned without the required work in proportion to the time worked. Disability pension due to general disease is established in the following amounts: disabled 1 and 2 Group - 75%, 3 group - 30% of earnings.

    Besides limiting pensions in percentage terms,it is also limited in terms of money. The maximum pension for the disabled groups 1 and 2 shall be three times the minimum old-age pension, and for the disabled 3 groups - in the amount of the minimum pension. However, there are exceptions to this rule: the disability pension for groups 1 and 2 increased by 1% for each year of service over and above the required time for the appointment of old-age pension, but not more than 20%. Pension disabled groups 1 and 2, without the required work can not be less than the social pension, ie two thirds of the minimum old-age pension.

    For disability pension groups 1 and 2 (boththe minimum and maximum size) can be allocated allowances: the care of a disabled person (if he has one group, or have the doctor's conclusion that he needs constant care); to the disabled dependents (if they do not receive any pension). The size of allowance for care and for each disabled member amounts to two-thirds of the minimum old-age pension, and disability 3 groups - one half of the minimum old-age pension.

    What other disability benefits provided by the state?

    The right to housing

    Labour Invalids 1 and Group 2 are entitled topriority to the provision of housing in the case of recognition of their need to improve their living conditions, as well as if they are entitled to additional living space.

    The right of the disabled to receive a separate roomtaken into account when registering for the improvement of living conditions and the provision of housing facilities in the houses of the state and municipal housing stock. In addition, for the disabled placed in institutions of social services, saved it occupies under a contract of employment dwelling houses in the state, municipal and public housing funds within six months from the date of receipt of the disabled in such an institution. If in the living room were members of his family reside - throughout the entire time of his stay in the institution.

    Dwellings occupied by disabled persons mustIt is equipped with special tools and devices in accordance with the individual rehabilitation program. At present, the form and content of such programs is still being developed, but, nevertheless, the construction of new homes is carried out with regard to the requirements of their respective equipment accessories to facilitate access by the disabled. If the disabled person has been placed in institutions of social care and expressed a desire to get housing on a contract of employment, it is subject to registration for the improvement of living conditions, regardless of the size of the occupied area. Such disabilities obespechivayutcya living quarters along with other disabilities.

    Dwellings in houses municipal housingSocial use of the fund (ie specially equipped for use by handicapped persons and certain other categories of citizens) are available to single people with disabilities, people with disabilities, family members who, for objective reasons, are unable to provide them with help and care, provided that the said nationals of self-care and non-compliance of conditions of their residence requirements of housing legislation.

    For the field of housing rights can be attributed to otherdisability benefits, which are aimed at the protection of this category of citizens. The disabled and families with children with disabilities receive a discount of not less than 50 per cent from rents (in the houses of the state, municipal and public housing) and public utilities (irrespective of ownership of housing), while in homes without central heating - with the cost of fuel, purchased within the norms established for sale to the public. Additional living space occupied by a disabled person (whether in the form of a separate room or not) is not considered excessive and must be paid in single size, taking into account the benefits provided.

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