Manifestations of low grade temperature
When there is low-grade feverchanges in metabolism (increased breakdown of protein), sometimes occurs a violation of the central nervous system, cardiovascular and respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract. At the height of low-grade fever are sometimes observed confusion, delirium, hallucinations, loss of consciousness in the future. These phenomena are not directly related to the nervous mechanism for the development of fever, they reflect the characteristics of toxicity and the development of the mechanism of the disease.
Increased body temperature in feveraccompanied by increased heart rate. This does not happen for all febrile illnesses. For example, in typhoid fever is marked bradycardia. Effect of increase in body temperature rhythm of the heart is weakened while other disease factors. Increased heart rate is directly proportional to an increase in body temperature is observed in fevers caused by low-toxic pyrogenic substances.
Breathing with an increase in body temperature becomes more frequent. The degree of shortness of breath is subject to significant fluctuations and is not always proportional to the increase in body temperature. Shortness of breath more often associated with a decrease in its depth.
When fever is disturbed digestive functionbodies (reducing the digestion and assimilation of food). Patients coated tongue, there is dryness of the mouth, sharply reduced appetite. The secretory activity of the submandibular glands, the stomach and the pancreas is weakened. The motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by compromised. bile formation is somewhat reduced, its concentration increases.
The activity of the kidneys at a fever is not appreciablyviolated. Increased diuresis (urine output) is explained at the beginning of the redistribution of blood fever, increase its quantity in the kidneys. Water retention in the tissues at the height of fever frequently accompanied by a decrease in urine output and an increase in urine concentration.
Metabolic disorders depends more onthe development of the underlying disease than by increasing body temperature. Strengthening immunity, mobilization of various parts contribute to increase the body immune protective function against infection and inflammation.
high temperature treatment
It creates a low-grade fever in the bodyless favorable conditions for the growth of many pathogenic viruses and bacteria. In connection with this basic treatment should be directed at eliminating the disease that caused the fever. The question of applying antipyretics physician decided in each case depending on the nature of the disease, age of the patient, his general condition and the individual characteristics.
When symptomatic infectious feverTherapy is carried out in the same cases as in the infectious fever, and in addition, for patients with poor tolerance increases body temperature. However, in the latter case, the physician should match the expected efficacy of the treatment with the possible adverse effects of the use of drugs, particularly if it is lengthy. Note that antipyretics from the group of non-narcotic analgesics with non-infectious fever is practically ineffective.
Increased body temperature to subfebrilevalues in patients with thyrotoxicosis (as on the background of infectious disease, and without it) can be a symptom of a developing thyrotoxic crisis, in which the patient must be hospitalized urgently, to provide emergency assistance.