Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis) - a condition caused by a persistent increase in the level of thyroid hormones. The term thyrotoxicosis (inxication by thyroid hormones) more adequately reflects the essence of the disease, since hyperthyroidism also occurs under normal conditions, for example during pregnancy.
Diseases, against which, most often, develops thyrotoxicosis
- Diffuse-toxic goiter;
- nodal (multicoral) goiter;
- thyrotoxic phase of autoimmune thyroiditis.
Secondary thyrotoxicosis is very rarely diagnosed, when on the background of the pituitary adenoma, constant stimulation of the thyroid gland occurs.
Thyrotoxicosis — This state is opposite to hypothyroidism: if with hypothyroidism, all processes in the body slow down, with thyrotoxicosis, metabolism increases sharply.
Symptoms of thyrotoxicosis
- weight loss;
- feeling heat in the body;
- inner trembling;
- Bad tolerability of stuffiness and staying in the sun;
- Increased sweating;
- increased excitability and nervousness;
- Hand shakes.
According to the severity, they allocate: thyrotoxicosis of an easy current, moderate severity and severe severity.
Symptoms of diseases in which thyrotoxicosis is detected:
- Actually goof — swelling of the neck;
- pain and discomfort in the neck;
Diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis
After collecting complaints and inspection, with suspected thyrotoxicosis, the doctor will recommend to pass the blood test for hormones. With thyrotoxicosis, the level of TSH (thyrotropic hormone) is reduced, and T3 levels (thyroxine) and T4 (tRiiodtohronine) Erected.
To clarify the disease, against the background of which thyrotoxicosis developed, the doctor may appoint the following studies: ultrasound of the thyroid gland, scanning the thyroid gland using radioactive iodine or technetium, a thin-game aspirate biopy of the thyroid gland, determining the level of antibodies to the thyroid structures and antibodies to the thyotropic hormone receptors, Computer or magnetic resonance imaging with suspected adenoma pituitary.
Treatment of thyrotoxicosis
There are three basic methods of treatment of thyrotoxicosis:
- treatment with radioactive iodom.
In conservative treatment, thyretostatic drugs are prescribed, it is necessary to regularly and take the drug and regularly attend the endocrinologist's doctor.
Surgical treatment is shown in cases of the ineffectiveness of conservative treatment, with the symptoms of the compression of the anestum organs (a significant increase in the thyroid gland, the procured location of the goiter), with the development of severe side effects in the treatment of thyaretics, with suspected malignant education in the thyroid gland.