Diseases of the thyroid gland


  • Diseases of the thyroid gland
  • How do the diseases of the thyroid gland
  • Treatment of thyroid disease

  • Diseases of the thyroid gland

    Take the alarm: over the past decades, the frequency of diseases of the thyroid
    The glands have increased sharply. This is due to the irrational nutrition,
    chronic stress and other unfavorable conditions.

    Increased thyroid gland in size - goiter -
    Most often makes the patient for the first time consult a doctor. by the way,
    Normal thyroid capacity (according to ultrasound) in men 9-25 ml,
    Women - 9-18 ml. During the examination, the doctor reveals an increase in the entire gland
    or just a separate part of it. Accordingly, the diffuse
    goiter and nodal goiter.

    Diffuse goiter may be a consequence of various
    Thyroid processes. Most often distinguished autoimmune
    thyroiditis (thyroidel hashimoto), endemic goiter, diffuse toxic
    goiter (goiter toxic or basehouse disease). However, diffuse goiter can
    be a consequence of reception of drugs (thyareostatics), some food

    Nodal goiter is the formation of one or
    several thyroid nodes. These formations can be like
    benign (adenoma) and malignant.

    The next stage of diagnostics is the definition of functional
    The state of the thyroid gland - determination of the level of hormones. Highlight
    Hypothyroidism - lack of hormones and hyperthyroidism (or thyrotoxicosis) - their excess.

    How do the diseases of the thyroid gland

    Diseases of the thyroid gland
    characterized by a slowdown in metabolism, deterioration
    Working cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract,
    oppression of mental and sexual activity. Sometimes hypothyroidism can
    give complications in the form of a coma that can develop among the elderly
    In the absence of treatment.

    Most often leads to hypothyroidism autoimmune thyroiditis (thyroiditis
    Hashimoto), operations, thyroid injuries, pituitary gland disease,
    Sometimes the disadvantage of iodine in food. Aukoimmune thyroiditis - a disease in which the thyroid cells «by mistake»
    are destroyed by the immune system, which takes them for alien.

    Hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis)
    - Status, inverse
    hypothyroidism: excess thyroid hormones makes all organs
    work with increased intensity, weight is reduced, marked
    Psyche changes (increased excitability, frequent mood change).
    However, most often the patient is forced to consult a doctor external
    Manifestations: Eye Pragistry, Eyefoot, Two.

    The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is a diffuse toxic goiter (goiter toxic or basned disease) - an increase in the thyroid gland and excessive products of hormones.
    Thyrotoxicosis can be caused by hormonally active nodes (one
    or multiple). Less rapidity are the diseases of the pituitary,
    Overdose of thyroid hormones, sometimes increased iodine intake
    With food. Goiter toxic may complicate exacerbation with development
    extremely thyrotoxicosis - thyrotoxic crisis - dangerous for

    Treatment of thyroid disease

    Treatment of the goiter directly depends on its hormone
    Activity. In hypothyroidism, the treatment of goiter is reduced to the substitution
    Hormone therapy. Sometimes it is possible to improve work
    thyroid gland due to activation of its internal resources.
    Autoimmune thyroiditis requires mandatory immunocorrection for
    Exceptions of further damage to the tissue of the thyroid gland.

    Treatment of goiter with hyperthyroidism can be medicated
    (drugs, overwhelming hormone formation) or surgical. After
    Definitions of the disease of the disease are developing treatment tactics. but
    Frequently, operations are held in cases where it would be possible
    Do in other ways to treat. Therefore, the treatment of the goiter any
    Origin should be carefully planned, and paramount role
    It plays a full and competent diagnosis.

    Leave a reply