With any joy of parents meet every stage in the life of the baby: here he himself turned over on the tummy, sat down, trying to stand, but finally made the first chamber. Traditionally, the first step is considered the most significant in the life of the child, in addition to, of course, the birth of the baby is directly. And this is understandable, the child begins to explore the huge world itself and the personality is slowly formed.
Parents really care how to make the child to make the most convenient as possible so that it develops correctly. The issue of shoes is in the first place. If the baby was born with foot pathology, then everything is extremely clear, I need special, orthopedic shoes. But if you have a healthy baby grows, it is necessary to buy similar things?
Orthopedian gold rule
Children's orthopedists unanimously: Absolutely any shoes will suit a healthy child, it is only important to observe the following conditions. Shoes must be high-quality, properly stitched, and, of course, correctly selected. Alas, now there is no guarantee that such shoes can be found in the nearest store or market. Now it is unlikely that some of the manufacturers of children's shoes keep special medical standards. In Soviet times, this was watching strictly and shoes did high quality, although, of course, she was quite ugly.
So the only worthy alternative — Special orthopedic shoes. It is designed specifically taking into account the features of the development of a children's leg. Orthopedists are convinced that in order for it correctly formed, the shoes must have a hard backdrop, a fixing heel and a small, 0.5 cm height height and a rather hard sole. When contact with a solid surface (floor, asphalt and t. NS.) The arch of the foot in orthopedic shoes is not injured, so doctors recommend going to such shoes even at home. Well, most importantly, it is insole, thanks to her, the pressure on the foot is distributed correctly. With it, it is also involved by those muscles that have not previously worked, removing the load from them.
Stages of a big way
Up to two years, the kids of the bones of the foot are soft and flexible, similar to cartilagers, and the longitudinal arch of the foot is flat. This is a normal state, t. To. In the bone tissue of the child, there are not enough minerals that give the bones strength, and the muscular system only in the development stage. Stop looks flat, t. To. It has a thick layer of abundant well-developed fatty fiber, which is at the same time the shock absorber.
In the second year, children are usually starting to walk and the arch of the foot under the influence of physical exertion changes.
From a three-year-old muscle and bundles begin to develop greatly and gradually increases the height of the arches. Accordingly, the appearance of the foot is increasingly begins to be similar to us familiar to us.
The process of forming the bones of the foot continues to 5–6 years old.And already at this age, the orthopedist can say with confidence whether the baby has a flatfoot.
Causes of flatfoot
Causes are diverse, but in the first place is underdevelopment of the muscles of the foot, which develops, in turn due to the wearing of incorrectly selected shoes. Also, various injuries of the foot and ankle are also promoted, overweight, closetness. As well as long-term forced (for example, as a result of the disease) staying in bed, weakened Muscular foot apparatus (for example, due to rickets), x-shaped legs.
What is flatfoot?
If you look at the inside of a healthy foot 5–6 year old baby, then it is immediately noticeable that it is raised in the middle of the semicircle. With longitudinal flatfoot, the arch is lowered and stop «Lost» on the floor of the whole sole. Carefully watch: if the heels are rejected out in the standing position, or when walking, the child rests on the inside of the foot, it should cause you a serious concern, the child needs to be advised by the children's orthopedic.
Flatfoot is not just a cosmetic defect. This is a direct threat to the spine, and therefore the health of the internal organs. Children who have revealed flatfoot are clumsy and often fall, they quickly get tired legs. When the kids are growing, they will not slow down pain in the back and legs, headaches. Often deforming stop — T. Grow.N. «bone» on the big finger.
That this does not happen, you need to wear orthopedic special shoes, thanks to her, it develops correctly, and due to the insoles it is possible to absorb foot clashes with a solid surface when walking.
In order to prevent the appearance of flatfoot, it is necessary that the baby is more often a barefoot, but not only on a solid surface. Ideal sand, pebbles, grass. This greatly strengthens the binder.
Doctors recommend riding a bike, play rolling games, skiing, swim. Massage helps well, only you need to make a professional masseur. 2 times a day you need to make gymnastics.
Recommendations from representatives of the Salon Ortek
Orthopedic shoes and insoles need to choose. It must be made of natural fabric, with a wide and stable heel, elastic sole, without seams inside.
Let the child dress shoes immediately on both legs and slightly. Ask him about whether it is comfortable, not worth it, t. To. Children are still too small to assess their condition. Better carefully watch him. It is desirable that the shoes are more than 1.5 cm than the kid '. If almost new shoes remained after the older child, you should not pass it, t. To. There is a risk of improper fit formation.
Leaders in the production of children's orthopedic shoes are trying to ensure all their shoes meet international standards. Thanks to the most modern technologies, their products not only treats, but also warns orthopedic problems. Special orthopedic insole holds to feet in the optimal position. It serves as a support of the front and longitudinal arch of the foot, as well as its outer edge, the special recess locks the heel, while the load on the ankle joint decreases.
All shoes of well-known manufacturers are made in accordance with the recommendations of the doctors of orthopedists. Using the most modern materials, «memorable» The shape of the legs for even greater stability helps to feel the kids full comfort.
There are three main directions: prophylactic shoes (with anatomical layout of the foot of the foot), therapeutic and prophylactic with a removable insole with a supinator and therapeutic shoes — Sandals and shoes with high rigid berets designed for wearing with individually selected insoles. Children's orthopedic shoes are characterized by spectacular appearance, as well as breathability, which creates even greater comfort.
In order not to «drown» In the sea, the variety of manufacturers, species, sizes of children's shoes, we recommend visiting the orchec — In the online store, everyone can ask a question to a doctor and choose cute models, and the courier can bring several sizes / colors of the model of interest. Kind and attentive relationship is waiting for visitors to salons — Free diagnostics of foot by an experienced doctor, help in choosing a model and size.