What is eczema?
Under the eczema implies
Group of skin diseases (true, microbial, seborrheic,
Professional, atopic eczema), which are characterized
redness, itching, peeling and irritation of the skin, as well as
The appearance of small bubbles filled with liquid and vesicle.
It was said above, there are several forms of eczema, the most
Common and dangerous of them is atopic eczema. Causes
atopiceczema (or atopic dermatitis) remain unknown,
However, scientists associate its development with the peculiarities of the immune system.
Some forms of eczema are also accompanied by skin allergies.
The rule, patients with eczema are not alone in their misfortune - in their environment
You can find people with a similar diagnosis. Eczema can not be infected,
as influenza or venereal diseases, but it most often people are sick with
Genetic predisposition. According to scientists, eczema is transmitted
inheritance or genetically. In general, eczema - the most common skin disease. With her at different times of life, every tenth of the planet is facing.
Also often amazes patients with asthma and some kind of allergies,
for example, hay fever. Food allergies to certain products
(for example, cow's milk, soy, eggs, fish or wheat) can also
call ancase or exacerbate her symptoms, as well as allergic to
animals, coarse fabrics and dust.
Signs and symptoms of eczema
Not so easy
avoid all possible eczema pathogens and eliminate all factors
Risk causing or aggravating. Eczema most often amazes
skin in elbow bends, popliteal depressions, on ankles and
wrists; as well as on face, neck and in the area. These are only typical areas of spread of eczema, but it can hit any part
In the foci of lesion expressed fine-plane peeling,
Cracks, exclirations. In this case, combing and friction of the skin leads to
Secondary changes in the form of infection and pigmentation. On the
Erythema pigmented skin is noticeable, and thickening of the skin and
changes to its surface are often more pronounced in combination with hyper- or
Hypopigmentation. Also, eczema is manifested by dryness and peeling of the skin in
foci of lesion. However, the symptoms of eczema is strictly individual and
manifest themselves in different ways.
What can the doctor help?
If you suspect that they are sick with eczema, immediately contact the dermatologist (a doctor who is engaged in skin diseases). Diagnose
Atopic composition is difficult, as its clinical picture is similar to
manifestations of other skin diseases. So, it is easy to confuse
contact dermatitis - skin disease that develops in
resulting with skin contact with external stimulus, such as perfume
or to the means of household chemicals.
Dermatologist will hold medical
Inspection, examine the history of the patient and ask about complaints and symptoms,
general state of health, chronic diseases and skin diseases in
past, family history, possible allergies and other issues,
Associated with health. Dermatologist will also help to find possible
Skin irritants. For example, if suspicious symptoms
appeared after you started using a new gel for the shower
or Lotion for the body, do not forget to report this dermatologist - not
It is excluded that the ingredient of cream or lotion can cause irritation
Emotional stress and voltage can also lead to
Disease with eczema, so do not be surprised if the doctor starts
ask you about personal life and relationship with homemade, colleagues
work and sexual partner.
Diagnosing ancase, a dermatologist can do the following:
- Prescribe medicines that reduce redness and skin irritation,
for example, cream or ointment containing corticosteroids, or
- Recommend other medications for intake, if eczema is amazed by extensive parts of the body.
Treatment of especially severe cases Eczema often recommend radial therapy.
The newest medicines affecting the body's immune response, also
Used in the treatment of eczema.
If eczema is immune to
standard treatment, the dermatologist conducts a survey for the purpose of
detection of potential allergens causing ancase, especially if
You suffer from asthma or seasonal allergies.
When checking on
susceptibility to food allergens The patient consumes potentially
Dangerous products (for example, eggs, milk, soy or nuts), and the doctor
Watches whether the appearance of characteristic of eczema will follow
rash. Another method of checking susceptibility to food allergens
- Impact on the skin of food particles and monitoring
Patient reaction. However, in some cases results
allergic sample can be misleading because it is not excluded,
that the detected allergic reaction is in no way connected with eczema.
performing an allergic sample to paints or smells on the skin placed
Patch with a substance of potential allergen and observe the reaction