Meanwhile, the spleen is the most important body that regulates the functions of blood formation, in particular, blood coagulation, the destruction of red blood cells and T. D., Being also a filter for bacteria. Therefore, with diseases of the spleen, hematologists are most often faced. If a few decades ago, the spleen in a variety of situations, for example, in injuries or diseases, were removed, in fact, without thinking, today they use all the possibilities to save it.
«Unfinished» The body is attacked, for it is known that it has a function of immunity, protective properties of the body. Almost 50% of people whose spleen was removed in childhood, do not live up to 50 years, because the immunity has sharply down. In such patients, a high tendency to pneumonia, severe inflammatory and incognitage processes, which proceed violently and often with the development of sepsis - blood infection, as the protective function of the body changes. In recent decades, many studies and developments are aimed at saving the spleen as much as possible in cases where it is necessary to operate it.
When the spleen hurts
The diseases of the spleen are, fortunately, relatively rarely, but the fact is that it changes, as if rebuilding in blood diseases, liver, vessels that feed internal organs - after all, the spleen functions are associated with blood formation. For example, during diseases of the liver changes blood circulation, the blood outflow often disrupts from the internal organs, as a result of which the spleen may increase in size - that by the way can be one of the indicators of the liver function.
Nevertheless, the spleen has and «Own» Diseases, most often cyst, based on disorders, some malformations of the body or suffered injuries. They can manifest themselves in a person by 20, 30, 40 years old, but more often their pediatricians are detected. These are non-hazardous, non-parasitic cysts, however, if their size becomes significant, they destroy the spleen fabric, can break, bother, put pressure on neighboring organs, causing a person physical anxiety. More rare, but are always life-threatening parasitic cysts, which are absolutely necessary. Equally rarely there are tumors of the spleen - benign and malignant.
Small non-parasitic cysts with dimensions of 5-6 cm usually do not require operations. If the sizes of cysts are more, it is complicated by the suppuration or causes physical concern to the patient, then modern equipment allows you to simply calculate it and empty. Under the influence of certain drugs, the walls of the cyst glue, and it disappears. In some cases, for the removal of the spleen cyst, the video-opspacopic technique in our days is also used, at which in the abdominal wall through three punctures with a diameter of 5 mm of cysts excised. Such methods are minimally traumatic.
Malignant tumor is removed with the spleen. It is necessary to remove it and then when the tumor struck the pancreas or stomach, since the spleen is located with them in one vascular pool. There is no choice here, as we are talking about the salvation of the patient's life.
Removal of the spleen, the diseases of the separation of the separation of diseases of the spleen is complicated by the fact that these diseases the patient almost does not feel pain in the organ. Pains occur only with an excessive increase in the spleen due to the growth of cysts or tumors, and there are no them in the early stages. Therefore, the patient for a long time may be in ignorance of their disease.
However, it applies to almost all chronic diseases of the abdominal organs: in half they are detected by chance. Almost every second patient who had no sharp manifestations comes to an operation with a randomly discovered disease. Very often it is detected only when conducting an ultrasound, which is now very popular and available.
Spleen - an extremely fragile body. With an accident, shocks in the stomach, the bottom of the chest primarily is injured by the liver and spleen, and then everything else. The substance from which it consists - a pulp - resembles a foam sponge, covered with the finest fabric film - capsule. Sometimes, with a surgical operation in the neighboring body, it is enough to hardly touch this capsule, and it is damaged.
Stop bleeding is often almost impossible. You have to remove the spleen either completely or partially. In such cases, it is cut on the smallest fragments and placed under the peritoneum in different parts of the abdomen. And the fabric of the spleen is applied. In this case, the tiny fragments of the spleen - 2x2 mm - to a large extent preserve its function for the body. When they reach 1 cm diameter, then they will be filled them almost completely. This method is called the apotransplant of the spleen.
If the spleen is removed
If the spleen is removed completely, it is important to beware of hypothermia, colds, inflammatory diseases - because the absence of a spleen abruptly reduces immunity. The drugs should be taken, including from the arsenal of traditional medicine, which strengthen the immune defense of the body, to include more than greenery, vegetables, fruits in the diet, exercise, hardening, lead a healthy lifestyle. Periodically analyze the main blood indicators.
The big problem is that specific pains for diseases of the spleen are usually absent. They are largely inherent in the acute diseases of the abdominal organs, and for chronic diseases, such symptoms of scuba. Patients often underestimate the role of small manifestations.
That is why, when some painful manifestations, distinct discomfort acquire some regularity and hold more than 3-7 days, you must certainly be examined. Alas, as a rule, here not only the people themselves, but also the doctors sometimes take the courage to prescribe treatment, proceeding only from the patient's complaints. And when the examination is finally carried out, it turns out, it's too late. Of course, such troubles touches mainly malignant tumors.
Therefore, we recall the current position of medicine: treatment can be appointed after a reliably established diagnosis, but not only by the eyes of the doctor, but by the corresponding analyzes, ultrasound and T.NS. We all need to take it like a dogma as a self-preservation instinct.