Analyses on viruses and their meanings
Viruses - a special type of microorganisms, enters the cell and infect it from the inside.
The materials needed for the test:
- cerebrospinal fluid;
- mucosal scrapings from various organs (nasopharynx, oral cavity, the mouth of the urethra, the cervix, etc.)
With the help of modern methods of research revealed the majority of currently known viruses:
- Herpes simplex,
- hepatitis A,
- Epstein-Barr virus,
- cytomegalovirus, etc.
The most common method of enzyme immunoassay and polymerase chain reaction.
ELISA analysis is carried out to identifyblood or other biological environments antibodies to the corresponding virus. For this reaction is carried out special interaction virus antigens contained in the reagent, the antibodies located in the blood. Breakdown of research results is simple - either antibodies are found in the material or not.
PCR analysis reveals in the testDNA or RNA material, whose presence is suspected in a patient. By thermocycler (special reactor), which is charged with special enzymes, the DNA is copied (RNA) of the pathogen to such quantities that can be detected by modern methods. Decryption is done by comparing the results obtained with special databases. The answer given by PCR in two forms - a DNA found or it is not present in the material.
On analysis directs most infectious diseases, at least - a gynecologist, urologist, oncologist, and others.