All known boric acid


All known boric acidBoric acid is part of many medicaldrugs, providing anti-inflammatory and antiseptic action. The drug is extremely topical, is used in the surgical departments for cleansing, healing and treatment of wound surfaces. Price and chemical properties make the drug most common antiseptic, allowing successfully combat wound infection and skin problems.

The substance - boric acid

The substance boric acid - powder without taste,smell, no irritation, has a crystalline structure or white color can be colorless. It refers to a group of poisons obschefunktsionalnogo action is obtained by the reaction of sulfuric acid with borax solution. Penetrating into the body through the skin into the bloodstream, they accumulate in the tissues and organs. 50% is excreted by the kidneys within 12 hours, a part of "sinks", the rest goes away gradually in the last 7 days. Boric acid crystals were stored in a dry dark place at 15-25 ° C.

Drugs with boric acid

Boric acid has many forms of drugs, both in pure form or as part of other drugs. The most popular form of application:

  1. A solution of boric acid based on ethyl alcohol 0.5-5%. The solution of boric alcohol is used for:
  • treatment of healthy skin around the burn;
  • instillation ears turundas impregnate gauze in chronic otitis (0.5 to 3%);
  • chapped and dry skin (5%);
  • pyoderma (pustular rash);
  • fungal lesions.

Boric water-based solution is used:

  • 1-4% - as a lotion;
  • 2% - to wipe the skin with acne;
  • 2-4% - for rinsing the oropharynx, washing (installations) of the urethra;
  • 10% boric acid in glycerol solution is used for diaper rash, early bedsores, irritation of the cervix and vagina.

  • Liniment - a dense mass of gelatinous consistencycomplex composition, is used for rubbing into the skin. The composition, besides boric acid include zinc oxide and vegetable oil. Liniment boron and zinc is used in skin diseases. Zinc not only disinfects, but also dries the various weeping eczema, dermatitis and other.
  • Pastes - soft dosage forms havingOintment consistency with a dense structure containing powders more than 20% of the total paste composition. Bright representative - "Naftalan paste", in its composition, boric acid, starch, zinc oxide and Naftalan ointment. Assign to anesthesia with myositis, neuralgia and as an antiseptic.

    Boric acid is a part of the paste Teymurova, indispensable for diaper rash, excessive sweating - hyperhidrosis - as a disinfectant and podsushivatel.

  • Ointment - a mild form, is applied to the skin, mucousand the wound surface, and the base has additional components. The ointment composition comprises boric acid and boric Vaseline is used for antiseptic purposes, zinc contained in the composition allows the wound to dry. Boric ointment (5%), a good remedy against lice.
  • Powder - formulation in the form of powder ormixtures thereof, like the powder. Used in medicine, cosmetics, for personal hygiene. Good antipruritic agent for irritation around the wound, progressive dermatosis, eczema and ringworm.
  • Lotion - preparation consisting of alcohol and water, atboric acid. Applied with hyperhidrosis: mixing boric acid (4% aqueous solution), vinegar and cologne (for flavor) in the ratio 1: 1: 1. After the powdered skin of baby powder.
  • Chatterbox - agitated mixture as a slurrywater-based, which included glycerin and insoluble powders. After applying the water evaporates slowly, acting as a lotion, and thanks to glycerol fatty skin particles remain insoluble powders, demonstrating the effect of powder. This has a more prolonged anti-inflammatory effect. However, salicylic acid, and "chloramphenicol" boric acid has been used successfully for acne, acne and pustular rash.

  • Side effects of boric acid in the medicine

    Side effects of boric acid in the medicineboric acid formulations in medicine have possible side effects:

    • intoxication: acute course affects the brain, skin and mucous membranes, chronic - the sex cells and red blood cells;
    • itching, burning, redness of the outer ear canal, allergies;
    • ingestion - nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, skin rash, stomach pain, upset all systems, collapse and shock, for 7 days - death.

    At the boric acid is a list of contraindications. Do not use:

    • on large areas of skin;
    • more than 7 days;
    • when the danger of contact with eyes;
    • with perforations in the eardrum;
    • pregnant women - even a small dose of the drug with boric acid causes various pathologies of the fetus;
    • in renal failure;
    • breastfeeding;
    • children.

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