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Angina
Angina - an infectious disease, followed by inflammation
process in the tonsils (tonsils). In most cases it is caused by
streptococcus - spherical bacteria that can enter the body
Domestic way: through utensils, handshake, etc. The infection can manifest itself
not once, but activated by weakening the immune system. Provoke disease
capable of cold drinks, abrupt weather changes, stress, and various
Stimuli-matter at their regular ingestion of: alcohol, dust,
cigarette smoke. The risk of illness is increased in the presence of adenoids and
frequent pyogenic infections of the nasopharynx.


symptoms

The symptoms of angina are similar to the symptoms of respiratory diseases, among them are the
the most common to all the cases:

  • fever up to 37,7-39 ° C;
  • malaise and weakness, may head
    pain;
  • acute sore throat;
  • difficulty in swallowing;
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

The color of the tonsils becomes bright red, and then they appear white
plaque. Perhaps the formation of pustules and pus accumulation areas. In the running
stage of the disease can be observed overlap throat lumen due to swelling
tonsils and difficulty breathing process.


Types of angina

There are several forms of the disease.

Catarrhal angina. It is characterized by superficial
the defeat of the tonsils, which become bright red and grow in
size due to swelling. Increasing the temperature and the level of intoxication -
moderate. There may be general malaise and weakness. The time course of the disease -
2-3 days, during this period the patient is either cured or the disease becomes
more dangerous form.

Follicular tonsillitis. It begins with a sharp increase
the temperature to 38-39 ° C, accompanied by severe headaches, weakness,
chills, change in voice and pronounced intoxication. can
there are pains in the heart and increased salivation, tests show
elevated leukocyte count. Tonsils are covered by the dot or yellow purulent
yellow-green patina.

Necrotic angina. In this form of the disease occurs
tonsil tissue necrosis, the process can be extended to the palatal arch.
When swallowing the feeling of presence of a foreign body, the scent appears
mouth rot. Tonsils are covered by a gray-green patina, with distance
which become visible bleeding ulcers. The disease depending on their
gravity may flow from a few weeks to several months.

Fungal angina. It is caused by Candida fungus and is usually
in children. Symptoms are similar to the catarrhal or follicular tonsillitis.
In tonsils formed cheesy white coating that is easy to
withdrawn. Treatment is appointed by the doctor after the smear analysis and bakposev
confirm the diagnosis.


Treatment

Angina
At the first sign of the disease - the appearance of pain in
throat and difficulty swallowing - should begin to gargle with warm salt
solution or broth sage, antibacterial and
anti-inflammatory properties. But we should remember that the main cause of the disease
- The presence of infection, because if the symptoms worsen, do not hesitate to
address to the doctor. After the necessary tests and determine the type
angina appointed medication treatment is usually carried out at home
conditions. It is generally recommended antibiotics, bed rest
mode for 6-10 days, excessive drinking and frequent gargling.


Prevention of disease

The risk of angina can be reduced significantly, if you observe
a few simple rules:

  • after coming home to wash their hands with soap c;
  • do not drink cold drinks;
  • Avoid hypothermia;
  • to dress for the season and make sure that no
    dabbing shoes;
  • avoid direct contact c patients, the distance
    in communication should be at least two meters.

In order to improve the body's resistance is also quite good in
cold period before going out to do a light massage of the neck to gain
her circulation.

But if the disease still could not be avoided, it should not delay c
address to the doctor and accurately perform all of its recommendations. Otherwise
can pass the disease to severe, severe intoxication,
resulting complications may be on the heart and other vital
authorities.

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