Annotation: Chronic pharyngitis is an inflammatory disease of the pharynx and develops against the backdrop of a weakened immune system. In children, usually it has a contagious nature, caused by the influenza virus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus, or adenovirus. Chronic pharyngitis in adults is most often associated with professional activities. The treatment is based on an integrated approach eliminates the disease focus and reduce the risk of recurrent exacerbations.
Chronic pharyngitis - a disease that affectspharyngeal mucous membrane and diffusely located therein and mucous gland lymphadenoid granules. It may be a consequence of undertreated strep throat, and a separate disease that arose during prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. For its development phase is characterized by exacerbations and remissions.
Causes of disease
The source of the disease - a variety of pathogensbacteria that accumulate in the crypts and parenchyma lymphadenoid formations pharynx and throat and are activated after weakening local tissue immunity adenovirus infection. The cause of chronic pharyngitis may be sinusitis and rhinitis, as well as chronic form of tonsillitis and adenoiditis. His development of the disease contribute to the metabolic, hemodynamic disturbances occurring in the upper respiratory tract, and predisposition to various diseases of the upper respiratory tract mucosa. Provoke congestion in the upper respiratory tract, leading to hypoxia giponutrii and their internal structures are kidney, lung, liver and cardiovascular system.
Development of the disease contribute to the factors that lead to tissue damage of the upper respiratory tract:
- sharp fluctuations in temperature;
- hot, dry air;
- dusty atmosphere;
- a pair of substances having pronounced alkalizing, oxidizing and toxic effects;
- alcohol abuse;
- spicy dishes;
- frequent use of hot drinks and meals.
Types of chronic pharyngitis
The infection causes the nasal cavity to the oralbreathing, a negative impact on many processes of tissue in the throat. Often leads to violations of local tissue metabolism, drying of the protective mucous layer, disruption of cell gomeostazisa and weakening of local immunity. These factors, acting differently on the different components of the mucosa, leading to various pathologic changes and disease development in various forms.
Depending on the extent and depth of lesions of the mucous membranes, the following types of chronic pharyngitis:
- Catarrhal - represents the totalinflammation of the throat, including the mucosa of the nasopharynx, Eustachian tube and the excretory ducts of the front of the paranasal sinuses. It often occurs in childhood due to the significant development of lymphadenoid apparatus, which accumulates infection. In adults it is less common, since this device have partially atrophied.
- Hypertrophic - accompanied by hypertrophy (overgrowth) lymphoid tissue and pharyngeal mucosa to form a pleated surface.
- Atrophic - accompanied by thinning of the mucosa.
Symptoms of the disease
Chronic pharyngitis manifests moderatesore throat, cough, trudnootharkivaemymi viscous secretions and increased gag reflex when congestion crusts. The most pronounced symptoms in the morning hours.
How to recognize pharyngitis
When the mucous membrane pharyngoscope backthe walls of the pharynx and soft palate are reviewed viscous mucus deposits that are difficult to be separated with tweezers. mucosal hyperemia intensifies during the cold time of the year, increasing the number of mucus, they become more liquid. When infected with bacteria or adenovirus pharyngeal mucus become purulent character. Increased body temperature, a headache and signs of mild intoxication.
Treatment of chronic pharyngitis is based on an integrated approach includes a range of measures:
- eliminate local inflammatory focus;
- purification from excess mucus of the respiratory tract;
- increase in general and local immunity.
An integrated approach allows to successfully eliminate the hotbed of the disease and reduce the risk of recurrent exacerbations.
The basis of treatment is anti-inflammatory andimmunomodulating herbal medicine, prescribed individually. Used as physiotherapy (heating) and reflexology (acupressure, and acupuncture moksoterapiya) that improve the efficiency of primary treatment.