In this article you will learn about the distinctive signs of pharyngitis, its perpetrators, the means of treatment and other recommendations to help remove the unpleasant symptoms of the disease faster.
General information about the disease
In Latin diagnosis sounds like «pharyngitis». This inflamed pharyngeal mucosa and lymphoid tissue situated below it. The disease is sometimes confused with other inflammatory processes, such as laryngitis. But if there is inflammation laryngitis affecting the vocal cords and larynx. Here's how to distinguish diseases: for laryngitis is characterized by changes in voice (hoarseness, hoarseness or complete loss of voice). At the same pharyngitis patients suffer more severe pain, especially when swallowing to bother. Observed and symptoms similar to angina, in which marked inflammation of the tonsils. Contribute to the development of the disease that's what factors: the inhalation of cold air (or contaminated by dust, irritant gases), ethyl alcohol and tobacco smoke, hypothermia, the use of cold drinks and products. . But the main culprits physicians consider viral infection (rhinovirus, cytomegalovirus, adenovirus, Pharyngitis flu virus manifests itself as an independent pathology, but most often it is the companion of SARS provoke microorganisms disease -.. Streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, mycoplasma, fungi genus Candida sometimes. infection "creeps" from other neighboring foci of inflammation, resulting in rhinitis, sinusitis and even caries. Class A pharyngitis acute and chronic. When aggressive pathogen affects the mucous membrane of the pharynx, the acute form develops. If the disease is promptly treated, it will quickly pass. The nedolechivaniya case further pharyngitis may be periodically repeated and becomes chronic. Then alternate between periods of remission (remission) and exacerbation of disease.
Types of acute pharyngitis are:
Typically, patients can be heard by the complaintdryness in the throat, a constant sore, discomfort and pain, worse when swallowing saliva and food consumption. Sometimes the pain gives (ie radiates) to the ears. The doctor sometimes feels for swollen lymph nodes in the neck. There is weakness, appetite is lost. The temperature normally does not rise more than 38 ° C mark. Exhausting dry, nonproductive cough. And only a few days when there is sputum expectoration. Diagnosis is confirmed by an ENT doctor after pharyngoscope, noting the redness of the throat, looseness, sometimes even ulceration of the tissue.
Basic principles of treatment
Thus, the diagnosis is made, if the process proceeds tolight or srednetyazhёloy form, the doctor will give the necessary advice and send the patient home for further treatment. Meals should be gentle, warm, but not cold or too hot. Brew yourself a vitamin and tonic teas, adding to the fruits of mountain ash, wild rose. Make fruit drinks cranberry, sea buckthorn, currant. It is useful for the preparation of fruit drinks previously frozen summer berries. They help the body to quickly deal with the infection, give forces. Cook compote nasushennyh apple slices, dried apricots, raisins. To rinse suitable infusions of herbs (calendula, sage, eucalyptus). You can use the antiseptic chlorhexidine or soda solution. Improve the condition of the throat and gargle with warm solution, which added pharmaceutical drug Rotokan. It contains flowers of yarrow, chamomile and calendula. These plants have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory action, cleanse the throat of mucus crusts, destroy microbes. Do not forget about hlorofillipta consisting of extractives of eucalyptus components. The packaging of this product you will find a convenient nozzle, allowing a well to irrigate his throat. At the same time buy in a drugstore Lugol solution to lubricate their throat twice a day. The procedure is not pleasant, but effective. On a spatula or a wooden stick wound sterile cotton wool dipped in fragrant solution. Then gently smeared sip.
If the sore throat is caused by bacteria, the doctor mayprescribe antibiotics such Amoksiklav, Amoksin, Cephalexin, Azithromycin. When the presence of virus in the body prescribe antiviral drugs, among them the well-proven Ingavirin, as well as more well-known and long-used Rimantadine, Anaferon, Arbidol. You can resort to homoeopathic Aflubin. Note that the earlier we start treatment with these agents, the faster you will leave the disease.
At the first sign to stop the inflammatoryprocess will help pastilles, lozenges and tablets for local resorption, such as Septolete, Faringosept, Strepsils, Adzhisept, Geksaliz, Lizobakt, Suprema, ENT, Grammidin Neo. Some tickling and bouts of dry cough helps to remove Falimint.
Sprays for local infection control: Geksoral, Ingalipt, Kameton, Bioparox, Givalex. Aerosol particles of these drugs to penetrate deeper into the respiratory tract and inflammation foci.
To strengthen the immune system is useful to take into Immunal herbal preparation containing echinacea. It tones the body Eleutherococcus extract or other natural biostimulants.
Errors in the treatment of
Local antiseptics (chlorhexidineor Chlorophillipt) use only externally, do not drink them inside! Some people instead of Lugol iodine solution to acquire alcohol, he says, the alcohol will destroy the germs. This opinion is wrong. Such a solution will wash off quickly with the pharynx. The second negative point - is that alcohol is more strongly will contribute to irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx, exacerbating the pain. Lugol also placed on softening glycerin, the solvent forms plyonochku soft on the throat and the active substance is iodine longer on it to continue.
our site again cautions readers that prior to use of drugs should be carefully read the attached instructions, because drugs have contraindications and dose regimen.
In addition to frequent rinse herbal medicinalinfusions, teas will have a beneficial effect from the leaves of raspberry and linden flowers, regularly taken by mouth. Do not forget inhalation with essential oils (eg, myrtle, sage, lavender). When there was phlegm when you cough, you can brew yourself herb thyme or oregano. Or ingest eucalyptus tincture, adult enough to use it three times a day, otkapyvaya 20 drops in a small amount of warm water. This contributes to a better separation of mucus and cleanse the throat. With frequent inflammatory diseases, if you feel unwell, the first symptoms of sore throat, then at night you can drink mulled wine, made from the infusion of spices (cloves, allspice, ginger) and red wine. Have a hot drink and immediately go to sleep, warm sheltered.
When addiction to any kind of inflammationlarynx, pharynx, tonsils, try to dress warmly in bad weather, not supercool, strengthen the immune system. Then turn on your body's own protective function and warn infectious processes. Let your diet is rich in vitamins contained in herbs, berries, fruits and vegetables. Be sure to timely cure the infection foci in the body, so that the disease does not become chronic form.