Xeroform - yellow powdery agenthaving a characteristic odor unobtrusive. The tool represents a basic bismuth salt. The powder that contains about 55% bismuth oxide, is virtually impossible to dissolve with water, alcohol, ether and chloroform.
The drug is available in the following forms:
- powder containers to 7 grams for use on the skin surface;
- xeroform based ointment (10 mg) and petrolatum (90 mg) in the treatment of skin lesions;
- eye ointment containing xeroform (3%).
Xeroform also is the main active ingredient balsamic liniment by Vishnevsky and rectal suppositories Anuzol to eliminate hemorrhoids microtrauma and anus.
Features of the drug
Xeroform is notable for its noticeable antiseptic,Tightening and drying effect, which provides bismuth salt. In addition to treating affected skin, this remedy is used in the treatment of damaged mucous membranes. The product is not toxic and does not irritate wounds and damaged skin.
The disinfecting effect is manifested inthe ability of Xeroform to destroy pathogenic microorganisms by binding proteins to their cell membranes. After application to the wound, the drug ensures the dehydration and coagulation of proteins and thus protects the inflamed tissue from the harmful effects of external irritants. Xeroform to some extent behaves as a local anti-inflammatory, partially anesthetic and blood-stopping substance.
This mechanism of action is based on the ability ofXeroform interact with proteins to form as a result of albuminates. It is practically insoluble protein compounds, which, falling into the sediment, forming a kind of protective film on the sensitive nerve endings and protect them from irritation.
In addition, the medical powder xeroform:
- narrows the lumen of blood vessels;
- increases the density of blood vessels;
- It reduces the amount of fluid that can be released from the wound;
- inhibits the activity of pathogenic;
- It dries the surface of the wound;
- reduces the sensitivity of the skin;
- reduces the intensity of the inflammatory response;
- accelerates the healing and regeneration of damaged tissue.
The above effects are of particular severity in the inflamed tissue. At the same time manifest the following signs of recovery:
- decrease secretions from the wound;
- decrease in white blood cell count;
- decrease festering.
In some cases, you will need a tool
Xeroform as other drugs may cause unwanted side effects, namely allergy varying intensity.
Most often these patients suffer from the unpleasant symptoms:
- redness of the skin;
- skin rash;
- itching after applying the product;
- other individual reactions.
When you see any of the side effects xeroform should immediately be excluded from the treatment plan.
Rules of xeroform
The medicament can be appliedonly externally. Regardless of the form, a thin layer of coated xeroform cleansed skin surface. The powder or powder well absorb sweat, ichor, particles of sebum and increased evaporation of surface area. Apply ear should be 2-3 times a day.
Ointment or paste xeroform cover the wound clean and, if necessary, put gauze in 5-6 layers. Xeroform eye ointment is placed under the lower eyelid of the affected eye after washing.
No cases of overdose were recorded when using xeroform.
If during the treatment with the patient seesdeterioration of the skin / mucous membrane, increase in symptoms or notice any other health disorder, xeroform cancel and adjust the treatment regimen due to the condition of the patient.
It is important to know! We can not allow xeroform powder gets into your eyes. After contact with the drug to wash their hands thoroughly with soap and water.
Using xeroform does not affect the concentration does not create limitations for driving a vehicle or working with other mechanisms.
Xeroform used in powder form for wound umbilical wound in a newborn baby. Immediately before applying the drug, the baby's navel is washed with a solution of hydrogen peroxide. Sprinkle the wound with xeroform 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening. Xeroform is also a very effective tool in the fight against diaper rash and diaper dermatitis.
Official data on the applicationXeroform for the treatment of pregnant women and women who breastfeed, no. Based on this, the last word always rests with the physician who prescribed the medication to the patient only after an objective assessment benefits xeroform exceeding the likely risk to the baby. MipSovetov not recommended for women in the state and nursing mothers use xeroform without the knowledge of the doctor.