Umbilical cord is the formation ofof the plurality of blood vessels: the same vein, through which the fetus within the placenta receives food and oxygen, as well as the two arteries that serve as the blood circulation return from child to mother. These vascular connections are protected jelly-like substance that completely eliminates the risk of damage.
When a baby is born, he is no longerneeds in relation to the mother through the umbilical cord, since the baby can already breathe, eat and excrete fecal matter on their own. Therefore, when you remove the crumbs doctors pulls umbilical cord clamp and special cut it. Later that stops blood flow in the umbilical vessels, it is completely healed, leaving only a small stomach "a button". MirCovetov talk about the main methods of treatment of the navel.
Methods of care in the hospital navel
During his stay in the mother and child maternity hospital, Umbilical flagellum doctors treatedindependently. As a result, the whole of the length of the baby is only a small segment of not more than 2 cm. Consider the most common methods of umbilical cord:
- In some hospitals practiced todayopen method of processing umbilical residue. In other words, not baby navel bandage, instead, every day is applied antiseptic solution. Often used diluted potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide.
- A more common and safe way -clip. After the midwife puts the clip for the remainder of the umbilical cord, with each successive day of his life, he begins to dry. To speed up the drying process, also applied antiseptic navel. As a result - at the 5 th day of the umbilical cord already it looks like the crust of dead tissue, which soon entirely disappears together with a clamp. The rest of the wound can to dry for about a week, but it is completely painless for the baby.
- The most rare technique of conducting cord -cutoff blade on the 2nd day after birth. It is believed that the umbilical wound will heal much faster in the surgical cutting off. To do this, it imposed tight bandage that stops bleeding. The physician should weaken it after 2 hours, and the next day after the procedure - all to remove the compress.
Once the umbilical cord is removed fromSome infants may appear as the title of "skin" the navel. This phenomenon implies that the length of the umbilical portion covers the skin with a baby belly looks and it looks like a "long navel." This should not be afraid, because after drying and falling off the umbilical skin tissue is pulled into place, and apparently this kid would not be different from everyone else.
In the following 10 days of baby's life wound to the navelbegins to heal and be covered by a dense crust. If at this time the baby continues to stay with her mother in the hospital, while the doctors treated her the same antiseptic, as well as umbilical flagellum - 1 times per day. If the crumbs appear sukrovichnye or spotting, then can be processed several times a day, until the crust will not disappear.
When a healing occurs without complications, theAfter discharge from the drop-brown lesions appear should not. If the droplets are marked ichor or blood, is additionally applied to the place of potassium permanganate solution or hydrogen peroxide, Not more than 2-3 times per day. Sometimes your doctor may prescribe treatment umbilical area hemostatic sponge that stops blood. Most often enough only one treatment to heal the umbilical area.
Features home care navel
A treat wounds in the home requiresDaily application of antiseptic, for 8-10 days. If the umbilical cord cut off the surgical blade, then wound treatment lasts on average 3-4 days. However, in cases where scab and heal poorly can navel "soak", recommended lubricate umbilical residue twice daily.
As a medical device can be used, "Zelenka" that wins, along with potassium permanganate by eliminating the need of a solution.
You can also use 1% for wound treatmenthlorofillipta solution. This liquid contains a natural alcohol chlorophylls, obtained by processing eucalyptus. The advantage of the solution is that it has no color, thereby making it possible to identify the signs of inflammation in the wound unpainted.
Important! To avoid burns or damage the delicate skin of the baby chemicals, you must apply the solution so that it does not enter the area around the umbilical wound.
If you notice that the crust on the navel startflake, but not completely come off - it is better to accelerate its removal, soak in 3% hydrogen peroxide. It is advisable to buy a ready solution in the pharmacy and do not engage in the preparation of his home as a high risk of getting the wrong concentration. This may cause injuries and burns to the skin a baby.
Care of the umbilicus in a diaper
For a quick and successful healing of the navel,It is desirable that this area was in the air. Therefore, you need to wear a diaper so that it does not touch the umbilical residue. The solution of this problem taken care of manufacturers of diapers and made the product line, which is provided with an elastic band notch in the region where the baby is pupochek.
Sometimes, however, the cutout is not suitable to the locationsores in the baby, so the diaper, it is desirable to turn away the top edge. Such measures are suitable for all items, regardless of whether they have cut-out or not. Home precaution - time to change a diaper, that at the navel has not got the baby urine. If this should happen, soak the wound with a cotton swab treated in zelenke.
Care and bathing baby's navel
Modern medicine allows to carry out bathingtoddler with unhealed wound. However, it should refrain from water treatment, until no longer clip. The fact that the water gets to the wound, there is nothing dangerous, to the same first dip is usually carried out in a maternity hospital and a young mother can clearly see how this makes the expert. However, there are two rules that should follow without question:
- bathing the baby should be only boiled water;
- Do not add water, potassium permanganate, better replace it with broth from the series.
After pipsqueak "swim" treat umbilical wound standard method.
What to avoid when taking care of the navel
Do not touch your fingers to the umbilical woundduring processing. It will not cause your child pain, but this way you can enter the bloodstream of the child a lot of infections that result may develop purulent and catarrhal omphalitis. Therefore, care work out carefully, touching the wounds with sterile objects.
In cases where the stomach does not heal and "getting wet"More than 14 days - no need to heal the child on their own, and immediately consult a doctor. The same rule applies when seen prolonged release pus or blood.
Drying crust will occur only under the condition that it is in the open air. Therefore, do not cover the navel diapers or bandages.