Trachoma - a serious disease of the body,It is of particular pathogens - Chlamydia, which affects the conjunctiva, cornea, lacrimal organs forever. Type (strain) of chlamydia that cause trachoma disease, anywhere except eyes can no longer exist in the human body. In pre-revolutionary Russia trachoma was widespread and is a major cause of blindness.
Ways of transmission of trachoma
The source of infection is a person with trachoma.
The infection is transmitted from the discharge (pus, mucus,lacrimal fluid) affected trachoma eye. Established a relatively low resistance of the causative agent of trachoma in relation to physical agents. It is destroyed by heating to 50 degrees for half an hour, drying at 32 degrees for half an hour, also makes it inactive.
The transmission of infection can be contaminated hands, through the objects used by the patient (towels, handkerchiefs, etc.).
Of particular importance is the use of the family shared potency or shared bedding.
Of great importance in the spread of trachoma are flies that are on their legs can carry purulent discharge from the eyes of patients with trachoma in his arms, and through them to the eyes of healthy people.
Trachoma - a kind of "family disease": pr infection of one of the family members usually get sick and others.
The infection trachoma school students the main role played by the family, the school can be a place of infection is extremely rare. The most common infection trachoma occurs in childhood.
The manifestation of trachoma
Trachoma begins gradually and imperceptibly. There may be complaints about the feeling of heaviness in the eyelids, feeling of sand in the eyes, eyelids sticking in the morning. Gradually there is a thickening of the conjunctiva, which acquires a cherry tint. Then mucosa appear thicker dense bubbles conjunctival surface becomes uneven. mucosal thickening continues, it sticks out of the optic fissure, recalling "rooster combs." Gradually, the process involves the cornea. It first formed vesicles (follicles), which are then converted into the pit. All the cornea thickens, becomes cloudy. This condition is called corneal pannus trachomatous (curtain). After subacute scarring occurs, which involves not only the surface but also deep eye tissue. Scarring of the cornea and is exposed.
Treatment and prevention of trachoma
For the treatment of trachoma is used in layingthe conjunctival sac of ointments with antibiotics from 3 to 6 times a day for three months, or once a day lay dibiomitsinovuyu ointment long-acting. Sometimes it is necessary to remove the follicles with the help of special tools.
To prevent the spread and repeateddisease trachoma, given the data on the ways of trachoma, you must carefully monitor the observance of rules of personal hygiene in families where someone has trachoma. It is very important as the fight against flies.