Colitis

Content

  • Causes colitis
  • The symptoms of colitis
  • Diagnosis of colitis
  • colitis Treatment


  • Causes colitis

    Colitis can be complicated by inflammation of the stomach orsmall intestine. disease often confused with irritable bowel syndrome due to similar symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome but not associated with the colon.

    The main causes of the disease:
    • the presence of infection in the gastrointestinal tract organs
    • infection by pathogenic microbes (Salmonella, Staphylococcus, etc.) as a result of poor food consumption
    • presence of worms (in some cases)
    • monotonous, malnutrition
    • alcohol abuse
    • violation of sanitary rules
    • long-term use of some antibiotics
    • chronic form of the disease often develops as a result of poor treatment of the acute form
    Colitis can be induced previously migrated intestinal infections, malnutrition or inadequate drug therapy, but usually are several causes of inflammation factors.
    There are two forms of colitis: acute and chronic.
    In acute colitis often inflamed stomach and small intestine, which leads to disruption of the normal functioning of not only the colon, but also other organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

    Activators of acute forms of the disease are: staphylococcus, streptococcus, salmonella, dysentery bacteria, etc.


    The symptoms of colitis

    ColitisThe main symptoms of acute colitis:
    • abdominal pain
    • the presence of blood and mucus in the stool
    • abdominal distention
    • diarrhea
    Symptoms may persist for several weeks. Without proper treatment of the acute form may become chronic.

    Chronic colitis - a disease that has many manifestations, which proceeds with periodic exacerbations. The presence of infection in the digestive organs can lead to chronic disease.

    Exacerbations begin as a consequence of consumption of foods that are irritating to the large intestine, allergic reactions, long-term use of antibiotics or general fatigue.

    Symptoms of chronic colitis:
    • abdominal pain, cramping in nature wearing
    • diarrhea alternating with constipation
    • mucus secretion (possibly with blood)
    • loss of appetite
    • weakness


    Diagnosis of colitis

    the following methods are used for the diagnosis of colitis:
    • microscopic examination of feces
    • endoscopy
    • colonoscopy
    • sigmoidoscopy
    Microscopic examination allows stoolreveal the presence of intestinal parasite eggs, pathogenic bacteria, protozoa, and explore the bacterial culture. If the originator is not found, it is necessary to inspect the colon mucosa and, if necessary, to take the biopsy material.

    Endoscopic examination reveals how much Patriotic affected mucosal site if there submucosal hemorrhage.

    For the diagnosis of acute colitis is usedsigmoidoscopy. With the help of determined hyperemia and edema of the mucosa, the presence of mucus on the walls, and in more severe cases, the presence of pus, or bleeding erosions.

    colitis Treatment

    colitis treatment - therapy, which should be done under medical supervision.

    colitis treatment (especially acute) is carried out inhospital, because it is important to eliminate the infectious nature of the disease. In the case of detection of infection is appointed antibacterial or antiparasitic therapy. Saline laxatives are prescribed at toxic colitis.

    In acute colitis should follow some recommendations:
    • for 1-2 days to abstain from food
    • through the days as allowed food intake according to the recommended diet
    • a course of physiotherapy
    During exacerbation of chronic gastritis are appointedantibiotics and antispasmodics and cholinolytic drugs. It should be noted that the prolonged use of antibiotics can lead to diarrhea.

    The importance of treating colitis in a diet. It should be gentle, but contain all the necessary substance for normal functioning of the body. It is very important to prevent constipation, which irritate bowel and promote mucus. Excessive use of laxatives is not recommended in this disease.

    Prevention of colitis is a timely treatment of acute forms of disease and udlennenii intervals between exacerbations in chronic.
    To do this:
    • stick to a diet
    • conduct timely sanitation of the oral cavity
    • engage in physical culture

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