The food of oropharyngeal flaggedstomach through the esophagus, which is a tube-shaped arm 25-30 centimeters long. The esophagus from the stomach separates the opening - valve, the lower esophageal sphincter. It is a gateway: passing food into the stomach, it immediately closes and does not let her back into the esophagus. If "gates" are not closed, then from the stomach into the esophagus enters the hydrochloric acid, which irritates him mucosa that feels like heartburn.
It can be a symptom of various diseasesgastrointestinal tract: chronic gastritis with increased secretion, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.
Often, however, heartburn - a consequence of improperdiet, unbalanced diet, abuse of nicotine and drugs, as well as heartburn during fasting. For example, these provocateurs "fire" are some foods: milk, fat sour cream, chocolate, caffeinated and carbonated drinks, spicy food, citrus fruits, tomatoes, alcohol. The emergence of unpleasant sensations in the esophagus also contribute to tobacco smoke, and drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen, corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Not rare heartburn during prolonged starvation.
Reverse throw gastric juice and food mass from the stomach into the esophagus occurs due to physical overexertion, lifting heavy objects, cough, tight clothing, tight buttoned waist.
Prevent, rather than stew
To avoid heartburn by following simple rules. First, correct and balanced nutrition, eat small meals 4-5 times a day. This food should be thoroughly chewed. After dinner, do not stay, but do not jump. It is better for a while quietly like.
Secondly, as far as possible not to take aspirin and other drugs that provoke gastrointestinal disorders.
Third, to give up nicotine and alcohol abuse.
Neutralize and disarm!
If heartburn is still caught by surprise, it is better to resort to medication.
One of the most effective measures to eliminatethis illness for over a hundred years are antacids. Chemically interacting with hydrochloric acid, they neutralize gastric environment. Antacids are divided on the suction and nonabsorbable.
Suction (soluble) antacids dissolvein blood. They quickly reduce acidity, but the content of sodium hydrogen carbonate and calcium neutralization with hydrochloric acid followed by the formation of carbon dioxide. That is, "to extinguish" heartburn, we get a belch. In addition, they cause the so-called rebound syndrome when the drug is no longer valid, the acid is produced with a bang. The most famous vsasyvayuschiysya antacid - common dining soda. This group includes "a mixture of Bourget," Rennie, Gaviscon.
Nonabsorbable antacids bind hydrochloricalkalized acid and gastric contents due to the content of magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide. They slowly neutralized with hydrochloric acid and absorb but do not cause the rebound acid. And much less side effects, one of which constipation, due to the action of aluminum hydroxide.
These drugs increase the pH in the stomach is reducedpeptic activity have shielding effect, forming a protective film on the surface of the gastric mucosa. By nonabsorbable antacids include Fosfalyugel, Gastal, Maalox. However, the most well-known and tested the drug in Russia - Almagel.
Heartburn, pain and swelling - no!
First introduced over 30 years ago in our country, Almagel quickly gained acceptance of patients and physicians. Almagel efficiency The secret lies in the content of antacids - drugs that envelop the wall stomach neutralize the hydrochloric acid of the stomach and relieve burning and pain. This feature almagel is "specialized" approach to address the major problems with the stomach. After all, there is no light on a single solution for all tasks and can not be a universal remedy for all stomach problems. That is why today Almagel - a series of three drugs, each of which is struggling with certain symptoms of discomfort: heartburn, pain, swelling.
For the convenience of customers all three packages differ in color, which facilitates the selection of the drug, the right for you.
Classical Almagel in a green package - just the drugs that treat heartburn even our parents.
Yellow Almagel A not only it helps with heartburn, and severe pain in the stomach. To this end, its members included local anesthetic benzocaine.
And, finally, closes the three latest development - Almagel Neo in orange package which, in addition to heartburn andpain, helps to solve the problem of bloating. Thanks contained in its composition simethicone, the drug hinders the formation of gas bubbles and contributes to their destruction. The released gases are absorbed with the intestinal wall and excreted naturally. Furthermore, NEO Almagel balanced ratio of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium, which prevents constipation.
With three varieties can almagelpick up medication for each case, depending on the predominance of a particular symptom (heartburn, heartburn accompanied by pain or swelling).
Unlike soaked up antacids seriesAlmagel not cause secondary hypersecretion of gastric juice, ie, "rebound syndrome." At the same time, began to act for 3 minutes, it works for 1.5-2 hours.
Almagel used both in single casesdisorders, and as a concomitant therapy in acute and chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the acute phase, gastro-oesophageal reflux, symptomatic gastrointestinal ulcers, acute or chronic pancreatitis.
Almagel drugs are available in the form of a liquidsuspension in the bottle with the scoop, which allows precise dosing of medication to achieve rapid therapeutic effect. For example, adults can take 1-2 scoops 3-4 times a day (one hour after each meal and at night before bedtime). Children 10 years half of the recommended dose. The treatment duration should not exceed 15-20 days at course intake. However, if short-term symptoms, and the reception situation may be from 1 to several days.
Preparations Almagel, despite the proventime quality and high efficiency, are the most readily available of this group of drugs. The cost of packaging almagel ranges from 100-130 rubles (according to the audit of pharmacy retail sales). When receiving a one-time 4-day package is enough for 4-5 days.
In our time, when the follow the diet inmost of us do not have time, and errors in the diet are the norm, with gastrointestinal problems are becoming more common. Heartburn, pain, bloating can catch even those who have never suffered from such disorders. That is why the medicine cabinet should be antacid that is fast, efficient and, most importantly, safely extinguish the "fire" and get rid of unpleasant sensations.