The main route of transmission of gonorrhea - sexual. The pathogen enters the body through the mucous membrane of the vagina, rectum and mouth. Doctors noted a high degree of agent activity, which increases the risk of developing the disease. There is a high probability of infection of the fetus at the time of passing through the birth canal sick mother. Domestic way of infection is rare, due to the unfavorable conditions for the existence of gonorrhea is the mucosa.
Since gonorrhea pathogen penetration into the organism of the patient before the first symptoms usually takes no more than ten days. Common to both partners becomes
gonorrhea syndrome including itching,burning and discharge from the appearance of the inoculation site in the body. These symptoms may occur in the throat, the rectum. Women complain of soreness and burning sensation, worse when urinating, occurrence of specific heavy vaginal discharge. Amplification of the inflammatory process in gonorrhea leads to pain in the abdomen, the appearance of toxic symptoms.
Men concerned purulent discharge from the urethranature, accompanied by itching. Typically as the appearance of a burning sensation when urinating. After some time, the intensity of the symptoms is reduced, which can cause late detection of gonorrhea and infections of sexual partners. Chronicity of the process leads to the development of purulent inflammation complications and intoxication
In the absence of timely diagnosis and treatmentgonorrhea can cause inflammation spread to all the reproductive organs. For women, it is one of the causes of adhesions, and tubal infertility. In men, gonorrhea becoming a target for prostate, testicles and joints. These diseases lead to the disruption of normal reproductive functions of both partners. Gonorrhea significantly complicates the course of pregnancy, increasing the risk of premature termination and the infection of the fetus.
To clarify the diagnosis of gonorrhea are usedmethods of laboratory diagnostics. Express-method of diagnosis is a smear from the vagina, urethra, rectum or throat in the light microscope. Diagnosis is confirmed by detection in a smear of pathogens. In some cases, a seeding precipitates on nutrient medium detecting growth of colonies of microorganisms and their sensitivity to antibiotics. direct immunofluorescence and polymerase chain reaction method is also used to confirm the diagnosis of gonorrhea.
gonorrhea treatment should take place under the supervision ofVenereologist-doctor. Specialist in prescribing it takes into account the sensitivity and the concomitant gonorrhea infections, the individual characteristics of the patient, possible allergic reactions to drugs. The basis of treatment is antibiotics penicillin. Great importance is attached to improving immune forces of the body and physiotherapy.
Among the preventive measures principal placeIt covers the use of reliable methods of contraception. Receiving specific funds no later than 72 hours after unprotected intercourse reduces the likelihood of developing the disease. Treatment should be carried out to all sexual partners that avoids re-infection.