What it is
In the old days it was called the "kissing disease" because it thought that it is transmitted with the saliva. Today's doctors have proven that this is not true.
The causative agent can be not only insaliva, and blood, urine, feces, semen, cervical secretions and breast milk. Of course, a kiss on the lips is enough to pick up an infection from a virus carrier. However, the same result can be achieved if sex with him and drink from his cup or eat from his plate, to use his handkerchief, towel or washcloth. In addition, CMV can be transmitted through blood transfusions and organ transplants, even in the stomach unborn child is safe from his mother's.
The disappointing figures: for 1 year is infected every five to 35 years - 40 percent of the population, and to 50 - one hundred percent. Cytomegalovirus infection is considered one of the most common infectious diseases.
The causative agent - Cytomegalovirus hominis - a virus from the same family as the herpes virus.
Cytomegalovirus - capricious and pickiest liveand it can multiply only in very favorable conditions, and in certain cells. If it "something like" he is quiet, the infected person is not sick, he is simply a carrier of the virus. But as soon as the body weakens, the infectious agent begins to act.
Translated into Greek salivary gland disease - disease,in which "cells get larger." Under the influence of cytomegalovirus cells lose their ability to divide and at the same time greatly swell. Under the microscope, they are similar to the eyes of an owl.
Once in human cells, cytomegalovirusIt remains in them forever. No matter which way there was an infection, symptoms of the disease will always be about the same. Or rather, no displays will not. Most infected people the disease is in a latent form.
To cytomegalovirus intensified,must be decreased immunity. Sometimes enough banal beriberi, but often need something extraordinary. For example, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or taking specific drugs that lower the immune system (most often they are used to treat cancer).
If CMV affects the mucousmembranes of the nose, runny nose appears. If the damage of internal organs there is a weakness, diarrhea, constipation and other vague symptoms, which usually do not go to the doctor. Moreover, they themselves disappear after a few days.
It happens that settles on cytomegalovirusgenito-urinary organs. And then women inflamed uterus (endometritis), the cervix (cervicitis), the vagina (vaginitis), etc. In men, urinary organs infection is usually asymptomatic.
Infection with CMV isdanger to pregnant women, because the infection can be passed on to the developing embryo. However, if a woman is infected for a long time, and the infection is not exacerbated by the likelihood that the virus cripple the unborn child, is extremely low. But if the infection during pregnancy, this probability increases.
Diagnosis and treatment of cytomegalovirus infection
Himself suspect at cytomegalovirusinfection is virtually impossible. Of all the diseases, the disease is most similar to the banal ARI. As the temperature rises, runny nose and sore throat. Can increase the lymph nodes, spleen and liver. However, unlike the ARD cytomegalovirus infection lasts longer than 1 - 1,5 months.
In some cases, the only sign of the disease is an inflammation of the salivary glands, they cytomegalovirus feels most comfortable.
Diagnosis "cytomegalovirus"can the doctor-dermatologist. To do this, he will appoint a special study that will help to detect the virus. In the blood samples, saliva, semen, discharge from the cervix and vagina, amniotic fluid (during pregnancy) under a microscope looking for giant cells or detect the virus using polymerase chain reaction (DNA-diagnostics). Another method of research - immune: the identification of the virus in the blood by the reaction of the immune system.
Analysis of cytomegalovirus to do to women wishing to become pregnant.
Cytomegalovirus infection is incurable. However, there are medications to monitor the amount of virus in the body, hold back its development. Patients enhance immunity and prescribe specific antiviral drugs.
These activities are carried out at detectioncytomegalovirus in pregnant or intend to become pregnant women throughout the period of gestation and lactation child. It uses the entire range of products that enhance the immune system and inhibit viral replication used drugs interferon. Infected pregnant women should be at intervals of 10-12 days for tests. You should also constantly monitor the status of the embryo.
Carefully selected powerful therapy and strictimplementation of recommendations of the doctor can significantly reduce the risk of transmission to the child, which directly depends on the activity of the virus in the mother's body.