Bacterial vaginosis - this is one of the mostcommon infectious diseases of the genital organs of women of reproductive age - is a vaginal bacteria overgrowth associated with quantitative and qualitative disorders of the vaginal environment. Another name for this disease - bacterial vaginosis.
The causative agent is bacterial vaginosismicro-organism, which is called gardnerella (Gardnerella vaginalis). Some researchers even believe that in itself is not an agent of gardnerella bacterial vaginosis, it takes only an indirect part in the development of an infectious disease, as it creates favorable conditions for the life of other microorganisms and anaerobic (ie living in an oxygen-free environment) bacteria.
It is caused by the fact that actively gardnerellymicroflora multiply in the vagina and urethra, with their waste products quickly destroy the normal flora of the urogenital tract, and contribute to the development of inflammatory processes, which can involve other indeed highly microorganisms.
From the above it can be concluded thatbacterial vaginosis is caused by an imbalance of the vaginal microflora. Most often gardnerellezom infected sexually active women, ignoring the barrier methods of contraception even if you change the partner. The emergence of a new sexual partner, even healthy, can cause vaginal dysbiosis because vaginal organisms woman did not immediately adapt to the "alien" microbes her partner.
In addition to the recent change of sexual partner, there areOther risk factors for bacterial vaginosis, which she needs to know. Violation of the normal vaginal microflora, ie dysbiosis (gardnerelez) occurs when you use some vaginal tablets and suppositories broad-spectrum (Terzhinan, Polizhinaks, Betadine), the application of local contraceptives, douching, while taking broad-spectrum antibiotics.
All of these steps may have similar consequences: normal vaginal flora is suppressed, and therefore its structure increases in proportion gardnerellas, mycoplasma and anaerobic bacteria, which leads to vaginal dysbacteriosis. Furthermore, the activity of pathogenic bacteria grows when female hormones is disturbed, reduced immunity, as well as during stress or fatigue.
Experts still do not concurredwhether it is possible to consider bacterial vaginosis disease, sexually transmitted. Some researchers think that bacterial vaginosis can be transmitted sexually, while others deny it. However, the fact that the causative agent of bacterial vaginosis is often found in both sexual partners at the same time suggests that bacterial vaginosis can be attributed to the number of diseases with sexual transmission mechanism.