Ovarian cysts: what to do?


Ovarian cysts: what to do?Beat doctors are beginning to alarm when a cystIt lasts longer, cause pain or bleeding. In these cases, it will certainly need to explore. In most cases, with the help of ultrasound can determine the type, size and the likelihood of degeneration into a malignant.

Once a month, the body of each woman formed a benign cyst in the ovary - a tiny pouch-capsule filled with liquid, or follicle. When it matures inside the egg,follicle shell ruptures, releasing the egg out. In that case, if for some reason no ovulation occurs, the follicle may continue to grow, forming a cyst. Since it is derived from normal tissues, monthly changing during ovulation, it is called a functional cyst, and usually disappears before the next menstrual cycle.

Other physiological cyst species canto develop into a small cavity formed in the ovary after the displacement of the eggs. These cavities are filled with new blood vessels and cells, in order to form a corpus luteum produces progesterone hormone. As a rule, yellow body there for two weeks, and then, if pregnancy does not occur, shrink, forming a tiny scar. But if the surface of the ovary and bleeding blood enters the corpus luteum cyst can be formed, filled with blood. It also usually disappear after one or two months.

The most common occurrence of functional cysts -a consequence of hormonal imbalance and its treatment is based on the normalization of hormonal levels. All this time the brush carefully watched. If, within three months, it does not disappear, and shows no tendency to decrease, it is necessary to resort to surgery.

In addition to the functional cysts, there are truetumor - cystoma. Whatever their origin (endometrial, dermoid), the presence in the body of these formations inspire great concern, as they may be borderline or go into malignant. In this case, it will not be able to avoid surgery.

Ovarian cysts may be found in women inany age, but after 40 years the probability of disease increases markedly. The trouble is that a cyst formed in no hurry to declare its existence. Most ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms, and women may not even suspect its existence as long as the doctor did not discover a cyst during a routine checkup or by ultrasound. That is why it is so important to pass inspection at the gynecologist at least once a year.

Only when cystic tumors growtoo large, they can start to put pressure on the bladder, bowel or abdominal wall. Very rarely, this cyst can cause sudden severe pain, regular menstruation delay or on the contrary, the continued isolation.

In any case it is best to immediately understand the causes of these events, contact your gynecologist.

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