The presence of allergic hypersensitivity to food, other words of allergies in a child, what to do and how to help the baby, today these problems are concerned about the global pediatric public in search of a difficult answer. How to organize the life of the baby at the very beginning of the road and what should be taken — This is the content of international guidelines for the prevention of food allergies in children risk groups.
It is known that the allergic response is launched by specific immune mechanisms after contact with certain allergen stimuli, to which the reaction in various organisms is not equivalent. The intolerance to food in children and adults can be due to congenital and acquired enzyme defects, among them the intolerance of cow milk, mushrooms, citrus and tons are widely known.D. The etiological factors of food allergies are provocateurs contained in animal products or plant origin. Any product may be a potential allergen, it all depends on the sensitivity of the body and its immune mechanisms to antigens that triggers the development of allergic diseases.
Among the food allergens of animal origin, the milk, both a cow and such a popular goat, which saved his glory is extremely «Healthy and healing» Product Free from Allergenic Agent. Products with high protein include chicken eggs and yolks, fish of all seas and seafood of all ranks. Allergens of plant origin — These are red vegetables and fruits, avocado, overseas kiwi, citrus, melons, grapes, peaches and persimmon, as well as beets and carrots, cereals and legumes. The thermal stability of these proteins causes nutritionists to reduce and prohibit the use of many products, despite the fact that many of them are widely used in the food industry.
Diagnosis of allergies in children is a thorough collection of allergological history and parents of the food diary, where observations are recorded on the reaction of the child's body due to the use of products or the effects of some factors of the external environment. These nuances include: redness and mocking of the skin, increasing itching, intestinal colic, vomiting and diarrhea. As one of the stages of diagnosis, testing for possible allergens should be considered, with an accuracy of determining dependence to 90%.
In children with an increased risk of developing allergic manifestations, it is recommended to prolong breastfeeding as long as possible and refrain from the introduction of dust until six months. Next, preference should be given to food with lowest allergic potential — It is rabbit or turkey meat, green apples, monocomponent vegetable puree from cabbage, pumpkins, patissons and zucchini. Whole milk should be introduced no earlier than 12-15 months. At the same time, regardless of the results of an allergological examination of such children for one and a half years, chicken eggs, fish, seafood, many types of nuts are contraindicated.
Organization of treatment of allergies in children involves:
- Dietrapy — For babies it is breastfeeding, and for other children — the complete exception of the detected allergen;
- organization of hypoallergenic life, which parents should be warned;
- Medical treatment strictly under the control of the doctor of the allergist;
- Prevention of food allergies — In suspected an allergic reaction to the infants protein, it is recommended to use therapeutic mixtures with hydrolyzed substitutes for female milk or mixture with amino acids, it is extremely gently to introduce lures at various stages of mature. Do not use dairy mixtures based on soy.
Preferences must be given to the mpleasant gluten-free porridge of industrial production, vegetable puree, juices and fruit purees from low-allergy berries and fruits without sugar.
In preventive purposes to the methods of organizing hypoallergenic life with allergic reactions and diseases in children due to various types of allergies, parents must be trained and warned.