Algomenoreya (dysmenorrhea, tuberculosis) - onethe most frequent menstruation disorders. It occurs in 60-70% of women aged 14-45 years. Particularly acute painful menstruation appears in adolescents.
Pain syndrome is often associated with other illnesses: 84% of women algomenoreya accompanied by vomiting, 79% - diarrhea, 23% - dizziness, at 13.5% - headache, 16% - fainting.
Usually, the pain starts 1-2 days prior to the beginningmenstruation and ends on the third day. Some women in this period even lose their ability to work. Algomenoreya have an adverse effect on the physical, emotional and mental state of women.
Symptoms algomenoree: cramping, aching, colicky pain in the abdomen, in the lumbar and sacral spine.
Painful menstruation, as well as any illness requires treatment, but initially you need to determine its species.
In medicine, isolated algomenoree 2 types:
Primary algomenoreya called painfulmonthly, caused by disease of the nervous system or anatomical structure of the genital organs of women, such as hypoplasia or incorrect position of the uterus - bend the body of the uterus in the internal os of the cervix anteriorly or posteriorly. These reasons make it difficult to drain from the uterus menstrual flow and enhance its reduction.
If the pain during menstruation are notregular and periodic, should pay attention to the phenomenon of the decrease in pain threshold. Increased sensitivity to pain can occur due to trauma, increase physical activity, fatigue or any other mental or nervous disorders. In 40-50% of patients with reduction in pain threshold is genetic.
Secondary algomenoreya is a consequence ofvarious inflammatory diseases and urinary organs, such as endometriosis, tumors, cysts, fibromatous nodes. Particular attention is paid to want endometriosis, because one of the most characteristic features of this disease is painful menstruation.
In endometriosis, the endometrial cells beginsettle in the "unusual" places for them - the ovaries, the bladder, the kidneys. And in a new place, they continue to function as before: during menstruation swell and bleed, causing severe pain.
Another striking symptom of endometriosis are dark brown discharge before and / or after menstruation.
Endometriosis may provoke heavy physical exertion, stress, passion for sunbathing and solarium. Endometriosis, as well as "latent" infections like chlamydia, is called the epidemic of the 21st century.
In order to correctly identify the causes of painful menstruation, it is necessary not only to visit a gynecologist, but also endocrinologist, and undergo a series of examinations:
- make smears on the flora,
- Analysis on the "hidden" infections (chlamydia, trichomoniasis)
- blood chemistry,
- do bakteriologicheky crop,
- check your hormones.
At gynecological examination the doctor shouldto determine the position and size of the uterus, appendages, for changes in the anatomical location of the internal reproductive organs. You may need an ultrasound study of the pelvic organs.
Algomenoree determine the cause, you can start treatment. If it is the cause some inflammatory disease in the first place, of course, necessary to treat it.
If no serious disease is not,get rid of the disease helps properly chosen diet, vitamins, healthy lifestyle, as well as reducing to a minimum of stress and increased physical exertion - it has been proven that poor sleep (including lack of sleep), an abundance of stress, smoking, drinking coffee increase the intensity of pain during menstruation.
For pain relief applyanalgesics (paracetamol, no-spa, analgin, sedalgin, papaverine, baralgin, spazgan, ketorol). Remove cramping often makes regular use of oral contraceptives.
You can also turn to folk remedies:
- attach to the stomach and legs dry hot towels (you can replace them with hot sand bags)
- put on the lower abdomen hot compress.
Potentilla goose - 20 g grass pour 1hot glass of water, boil on low heat, cool, strain and drink half a cup 4-5 times a day before meals. Wrung mass can be applied to the abdomen in the form of a warm compress.
Oregano - 2 tablespoons herb pour 2 cups boiling water and infuse for 30 minutes. Take 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Horsetail - 1 tablespoon of herbs pour 2 cups of boiling water. Can be used with strong pain and 1 tablespoon every 2 hours.
Mugwort - mugwort 3-5 root pour 10 cups of boiling water. Take half a cup 2 times a day.
Bark Viburnum - 4 teaspoons chopped bark pour 1 cup water and boil for 30 minutes. Strain and pour water to the original volume. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day before meals.
Grass knotweed - 1 part of horsetail - 1part centaury - 3 parts Potentilla goose - 5 parts. 1 tablespoon of the mixture brew 1 cup boiling water, 1 hour, drain. Drink in small sips throughout the day.
Buckthorn bark brittle - 3 pieces of birch leaves - 3part, flowering branches of heather - 4 parts chamomile flowers - 10 parts peppermint leaves - 10 pieces, valerian root - 10 pieces. 1 tablespoon of the mixture pour 250 ml boiling water, leave for 30 minutes. Take a hot 1 cup several times a day.
Do not forget that only a timely reference to the doctor will allow you to prevent the development of serious diseases and complications. Do not put your health "for later"!