Endometriosis is a gynecological disease, accompanied by the growth of the tissue, similar to the structure with the mucous membrane of the uterus - endometrial. Such foci can be located both in the organs of the reproductive system and beyond.
Distinguish genital I
Extgazenital endometriosis. Genital is divided into internal and
outer. Being a benign disease, endometriosis can be
provoked by genetic predisposition, hormonal changes in
The body transferred abortion and psychological injuries.
The internal genital endometriosis refers
Endometriosis of the body of the uterus. Outdoor endometriosis can be located in the cervix,
On the surface of the vagina, ovaries, in the surface of the uterine pipes, peritoneum,
Crotch and other.
Foci of endometriosis, as well as endometrium, react to
Change of hormonal status. Because of this, they occur in cyclic
Changes that are accompanied by hemorrhage during menstruation.
The main symptoms of endometriosis are severe pain during menstruation, and
Also a long period of their period; The presence of bloody secretions before or after
menstruation itself; The presence of pain during intercourse or soreness below
abdomen not related to monthly. Such pains can «give away» In the Copchik I
Lonentians. The most terrible sign of endometriosis is infertility that
associated with numerous spikes in a small pelvis.
Endometrial foci have rounded or irregular shape and
contain a thick liquid that is poured out during menstruation.
If the fluid is exhausted outside, it gradually accumulates,
turning the focus of endometriosis to the cavity with decaying content.
The spread of endometriosis increases almost with each subsequent
cycle, so the cavity with liquid increases in size and causes strong
Pain. Such cavities are called endometrioid cyst.
Diagnosis of endometriosis
Diagnosis of endometriosis is made during
Gynecological inspection. In some cases, the disease is diagnosed with
help ultrasound, colposcopy or hysteroscopy. Laparoscopy allows you to spend
Visual diagnosis of endometriosis of uterine pipes, ovarian, peritonean.
Endometriosis occurs in women of reproductive age and
independently suspended during pregnancy, lactation, in
Postmenopausal. Most often, the disease is diagnosed in the age group
30-50-year-old women. The increasing number of sick endometriosis in more
young age can be associated with the frequent manifestations of hormonal
imbalance in 20-year-old, frequent abortions.
Late treatment of endometriosis can lead to serious
Complications. Endometriosis growth can lead to violations in the work
internal organs. Spring in the rectum fabric, endometriosis can cause
Strong pain during the act of defecation. With the presence of endometriosis in the tissues
bladder painful becomes urination. Significant number
Foci of endometriosis causes an increase in the number of hormones of inflammation - prostaglandins.
This amount is violated the process of attachment of the egg and causes
Treatment of endometriosis
Endometriosis treatment implies two main techniques.
The first of them is medicated and consists in a long use of hormonal
drugs whose reception provokes a complete absence of menstruation. During them
lack of foci of endometriosis atrophy. Surgical treatment method consists
in removing foci of endometriosis. Modern medicine uses for these purposes
Method of electrocoagulation or laser coagulation. It does not violate
Reproductive function of women. Also a minimally invasive treatment technique
Endometriosis is laparoscopy at which through a small incision in
The abdominal wall produce removal of visible foci of the growth of endometrial. IN
case of genetic susceptibility, for immune dysfunction correction
Systems, specialized immunotherapy is carried out in strengthening
T-cell response against ectopic endometrial.