The first problem faced by the patient,as well as his family, - it is psychological problems. Among them - a sense of inferiority, loneliness, fear of infecting loved ones. As a consequence - a person psychologically detached from the rest of the family, and it is important for him to relatives and friends support him in this difficult situation and helped to adequately treat the disease.
The risk of infecting loved ones in a patient with hepatitislower than is commonly imagined. In a domestic environment the hepatitis C virus is transmitted very rare. For infection requires contact of infected biological fluids of the patient with the blood of a healthy person. And to avoid such contact, enough to comply with simple rules.
Hygiene products, particularly shaving andmanicure instruments, the patient must be strictly individual. In the event that the patient (infected) hepatitis hurt, then he should provide assistance with extreme caution, avoiding contact with the blood of an infected wound on its own (preferably rubber gloves).
But you can not be protected from a patient with hepatitis -this can cause him severe injuries. After intercourse, kissing, hugging, sharing dishes hepatitis B virus is not transmitted, and the proximity of loved ones is very important for the patient.
The unpredictable enemy
However, in addition to psychological problems, hepatitis poses a risk in terms of the development of the disease complications. Complications of hepatitis B can become the disease of the biliary tract and hepatic encephalopathy.
Violations of the biliary tract amenabletreatment and cause no serious consequences. Hepatic encephalopathy, which occurs due to the mass destruction of liver cells, a sign of lightning forms of hepatitis, are fatal in nearly 90% of cases. The cause of hepatic coma that enters the bloodstream of the patient decay products of dead liver tissue affects the central nervous system and cause the extinction of all life functions. Most often, these complications cause mixed infection of viral hepatitis B and C.
Worst case of hepatitis B, leading to a variety of negative consequences, is the transition of the disease into a chronic form.
Unfortunately, infection with hepatitis usually can not say for certain how events will develop further: Does hepatitis will be held in the acute form, which has been successfully treated, or become chronic.
Target - liver
chronic hepatitis danger that itIt can lead to cirrhosis, and sometimes to liver cancer. Most likely the development of these complications of hepatitis C, acute form which becomes chronic in 70-80% of cases.
Liver cirrhosis - a chronic progressive disease which occurs in approximately 20% of patients with hepatitis C or hepatitis B in combination with hepatitis D or not.
Cirrhosis expressed dystrophy and necrosisliver tissue, liver failure and signs of high blood pressure in the portal vein of the liver. Therefore, when the blood flow is disturbed cirrhosis of the liver, and this leads to the fact that due to the increased blood flow in esophageal and gastric appropriate blood vessels to dilate and can be a source of bleeding.
Moreover, accompanied by liver cirrhosisthe growth of connective tissue and deep infringement of structure and function of the liver, resulting in severe cases, liver cancer. Treating cirrhosis complexity is that an irreversible change in the hepatic tissue that is not possible to eliminate the formed cirrhosis, liver inflammation even if already passed. Therefore, viral hepatitis treatment should be started as early as possible.
Some people infected with hepatitis B, C & D, do not get sick, but, being carriers of hepatitis B virus, pose a danger to others.
Further, in the therapy of hepatitis C there is athe concept of "sham recovery" when the course of treatment data of biochemical blood tests return to normal, but the virus continues to exist in the body of the patient. The existence of this phenomenon, which can last for years, calls for regular monitoring of patients and binding of specific treatment.
Virus attack can be stopped!
Extremely serious consequences and adverseforecast for the life of the patient causing mixed forms of viral hepatitis, when the body of the patient at the same time there are several viruses. Most often there are combinations of hepatitis B and hepatitis D, or hepatitis B and hepatitis C is possible even "triple" variant of hepatitis B, which is caused by hepatitis viruses B, C and D.
Although hepatitis, especially form B and C, isa life-threatening infection of the patient, yet it must be remembered that consider hepatitis inevitably fatal disease can not. The most common hepatitis can be if not completely cured, then avoid serious consequences. In most cases, if the treatment is started on time, it manages to keep the liver and stop the virus from replicating.