Allergies - is not a separate disease, itmany diseases which are based on immunological reactions. Sometimes, without realizing the nature of the problem, the parents eliminate manifestations disease drugs and improvised means, but as soon as the treatment is stopped, the symptoms of allergies in children erupt again. Over time, it is developing an addictive drug, and when the drug will be vitally important, its effectiveness is very low. Save the child from allergies can only be setting its cause and find out the nature of the allergen.
Allergy - hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system that occurs when exposed to the environment, ie the allergen.
All allergens are divided into two main groups:
- exogenous allergens - those that enter the body from the outside;
- endogenous allergens - are formed inside the body and the baby can become a cause of allergic reactions.
Allergens can affect the body throughskin, mucous membranes, eyes, lips, mouth, genitals. For example, dermatitis may occur as allergies to dust in children whose mothers used "adult" washing powders. Allergens can enter the digestive tract during a meal in the airways - with the air flow in the blood - insect bites and injections. Sometimes allergens become drugs because developing an allergy to antibiotics in children.
From pathways allergens dependsallergy clinical picture. Thus, when a food allergy symptoms arise from the gastrointestinal tract and skin. If inhaled allergen occurs sneezing, runny nose, pain in the eyes, swelling.
By origin, allergens can be divided into infectious and non-infectious.
- food allergens;
- industrial allergens;
- drugs (allergic to antibiotics in children);
- household allergens (dust, dust mites, fungi, household chemicals, as in the case of allergy to the powder in children);
- latex allergens - medical gloves, nipples and pacifiers;
- insect allergens (allergy bites of mosquitoes, fleas, ticks);
- allergens are pollen;
- animal allergens (hair, sweat, saliva, pieces of epidermis pets - a common cause of allergies to cats in children).
Allergies to pollen or hay fever
Hay fever develops as an allergic reactionpollen. Typical allergy symptoms in children develop during the flowering of "harmful" plants, pollen enters the body through the nose, mouth, conjunctiva of the eye, the skin, the manifestation of hay fever becomes allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, stomatitis, dermatitis and bronchial asthma.
Natural latex - a complex biologicalmaterial, it contains over 200 proteins, 17 of which can act as allergens. The child's body penetrate latex allergens in contact with skin and mucous membranes, as well as inhalation, causing the symptoms of contact dermatitis and respiratory diseases. The presence of latex allergy is often combined with intolerance of fresh fruit. Latex surgical gloves are manufactured, adhesive plaster, bandages, air mattresses, masks for diving, stamps, balloons, paint, nipples, pacifiers for children.
Allergies to animals
Children sometimes suffer from intolerance and birdsanimals, particularly dogs, budgies, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats, but the most common are allergic to cats. Children become allergens hair, epidermis, saliva and other body fluids pets.
Allergy to house dust
This type of allergy is not associated with inorganicdust substances and contained therein from dust mites and organic fragments of living organisms. The composition of the house dust include allergens such as cellulose, wool and fragments of animal dander, fibers, natural fibers, epidermis and hair people, the spores of fungi - all of these allergens can cause disease in children.
Allergy to insects
It develops in contact with small particleschitin shells of insects and their excrement, bites. The most common are allergic to the bites of mosquitoes, flies, flies, bedbugs, wasps and bees. Dermatitis may develop in contact with cockroaches, butterflies, grasshoppers.