Aspergillosis - infectious skin lesions,paranasal sinuses and lungs or other internal organs, caused by mold fungi of genus Aspergillus, in particular A. fumigatus. Infection occurs by inhaling fungal spores.
The disease is relatively rare, inmainly among agricultural workers and pigeon. Usually affects the outer ear tissues (otomycosis) that is accompanied by itching and pain; by scratching the skin can thicken and acquire a gray or black color.
A large number of spores getting into the lungs,causing extensive changes resembling tuberculosis. Cutaneous aspergillosis responds well to antibiotics. When used amphotericin lung infection. However, the system destruction sometimes lead to death.
Maduromikoz (Madurese foot) - an infectiousStop loss (and sometimes other parts of the body) caused by various fungi species either (half the time) bacteria genera Nocardia and of Actinomyces, forming long branching thread and in this respect similar to mushrooms.
The disease occurs in the tropics and the southern United States. Regardless of the type of the pathogen around the place of its implementation appears edema. In the early stages there are ulcerated tumors, but they later split with the formation of abscesses, fistulas connected deep.
In advanced cases, the skin darkens and becomes coveredscars, and chipped it boils and abscesses, mucosal fluid filled with yellow, red, white or black beads. Leaving abscesses, these pellets into the soil, after which the contaminated soil from the pathogen can re-enter the body, usually through the wound to the foot, but sometimes also on the hands.
In the absence of treatment of the foot deformed andthe end is the destruction of muscles, tendons and bones. Infection of Actinomyces, amenable to treatment with penicillin, caused by Nocardia - sulfanilamidnymi drugs. In severe cases, limb amputated to prevent secondary bacterial infection, which can be fatal.
Sporotrichosis - chronic infection that affectsmainly superficial skin and lymph nodes. Its causative agent - Sporotrichum schenckii, a fungus that commonly infects plants such as barberry. The disease is found worldwide, mostly among farmers and gardeners, growing barberry.
Initially, under the skin appears tight roundnodule, which gradually soldered to the skin. When the surface is formed sore skin around it turns pink, then black. In the course of lymphatic vessels there are numerous nodules and ulcers.
Sporotrichosis can also develop in the mucousshells, bones and internal organs, as well as to spread throughout the body. Except for the latter, the disseminated form, the disease is rarely fatal and amenable to treatment with amphotericin.
Candidiasis (moniliaz) - infectious defeatskin, nails, mucous membranes and internal organs, caused by the yeast Candida (Monilia) albicans. Candidiasis occurs worldwide. Pathogen often enters the body through the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and causes thrush - the appearance on the tongue and oral mucosa creamy white spots, which are distributed on the palate, tonsils and throat. As with the pathogen ingested in the absence of treatment and possible lung infection of the gastrointestinal tract. The defeat of the nail (onycha) or periungual tissue (paronychia) begins with a painful swelling and redness. The nail becomes hard, thick, striated and often acquires a brownish color. Sometimes there is a detachment of the nail plate from the nail bed, which acquires a white or yellow color. Vaginal Candidiasis causes symptoms similar to thrush. If it affects the lungs occurs bronchitis or pneumonia, and severe infection may present as lobar pneumonia. If you get an infection in the blood or the meninges disease is always fatal. Treatment depends on the lesion site.
Ringworm is a superficial infection of the skin,hair or nails, the most common dermatophyte (proliferation of fungi on dead skin parts and its derivatives), and so-called athlete's foot (athlete's foot) and various other forms of dermatitis such as pityriasis versicolor and seborrheic dermatitis.
Multicolored (pityriasis) versicolor
Multicolored (pityriasis) versicolor. It is a common disease caused by the fungus Pityrosporum orbiculare (formerly known as Malassezia furfur). Affected only the outermost layer of skin, typically on the trunk and the lower part of the neck where there are rounded brownish red scaly patches, sometimes with a slight itching.
Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis)
Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis). Develops on the skin around the sebaceous glands. Manifested flat or slightly swollen patches covered with greasy scales (see. Dandruff). Most often, seborrheic eczema causes yeast-like fungus Pityrosporum ovale.
Actinomycosis - traditionally considered as onefrom fungal infections, although this chronic, slowly developing infections cause several types of actinomycetes (usually Actinomyces israelii), which according to modern classification does not refer to fungi and bacteria to.
Settling in human or animal tissues, theyform pellets - clusters of numerous filaments, formed of branching cells. Infection occurs by ingestion respiratory or digestive tract of the granules contained in the fluid abscesses. The infection can penetrate into any part of the body.
Initially appear ulcerated tumor(Granuloma) which decay, converted into deep abscesses with internal passages and cavities. In most cases, affected maxillofacial area and neck. The skin in these areas is compressed and loses smoothness and becomes reddish or purple color. Gradually opened pockets of infection with the formation of fistulas.
The chest populate actinomycetes pleura,can invade the wall of the chest cavity, forming a chronic fistulas, sometimes spread to the esophagus and the pericardium (outer lining of the heart). This form of the disease often leads to fatal bleeding. The other leads to the death of the form - actinomycosis of the abdominal cavity. The first sign is the appearance of tumors in the ileum and colon. Then develops liver, spleen and kidneys, and in the absence of treatment - often as bone and central nervous system. The most effective means of treatment - penicillin and tetracyclines. The probability of recovery is highest in the case of skin lesions and is markedly reduced with the spread of infection.