Cachexia - is the depletion of the body, whichcharacterized by general weakness, sudden strong decrease in weight, decreased activity of physiological processes, as well as a change in the mental condition of the patient.
The symptoms of cachexia
The symptoms of cachexia are pronouncedweakness, disability, severe weight loss, often accompanied by signs of dehydration. Weight loss can reach 50% or more. Subcutaneous tissue is sharply reduced or disappears altogether, there are signs of vitamin deficiencies (vitamin A deficiency). As a result, patients with skin becomes flabby, wrinkled, pale or becomes earthy-gray shade. Also present trophic changes in hair and nails may develop stomatitis, characterized by the appearance of strong constipation. Patients start falling sexual function in women may occur amenorrhea (since the patient is reduced blood volume). Often reduced glomerular filtration in the kidneys. Manifest hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, as well as zhelezoanemiya or B12-deficiency anemia.
When cachexia often have mentaldisorders. At the beginning of its development appears fatigue, in which arises irritable weakness, tearfulness, mood subdepressive. With the development of cachexia and fatigue mostly it starts showing adynamic component. In exacerbations of the underlying disease that caused the cachexia can not rarely occur in the form of consciousness pomrachnenie amentia, pomrachnenie twilight of consciousness, severe or rudimentary form of delirium, which are replaced by anxiety and dreary conditions, apathetic stupor, psevdoparaliticheskim syndrome. Although even a favorable outcome of the underlying disease caused cachexia, always prolonged fatigue. In some cases, it is combined with different intensity psychoorganic manifestations of the syndrome.
Treatment of cachexia
Treatment of patients with cachexia is aimed primarilyon the underlying disease, but be sure to include the necessary measures to restore the supply of patients, as well as a thorough general care for them. The diet must be included proteins and fats, vitamins, it is desirable to use digestible products. When symptoms of impaired digestion and absorption of food polyenzyme prescribed drugs such as festal, pancreatin and others. In order to bring patients from severe cachexia state parenterally administered glucose, electrolytes, vitamins, protein hydrolysates, amino acid mixture. According to the testimony used anabolic steroids. When psychogenic anorexia treatment prescribed and conducted by a psychiatrist; can be used means that increase appetite.