Intracranial cyst in children and its causes
Intracranial cyst - a cavity havingusually own shell and filled with fluid. This relates to the formation of pathological, since, often with very large dimensions, squeezing the brain, causing neurological disorders, seizures, delayed development of the child.
In most cases, cysts are not neoplastic nature and are the result of congenital malformations of the central nervous system or the consequence of birth trauma.
Cysts can be localized in any of the brain and in the absence of clinical symptoms may be a random finding on computed or magnetic resonance tomography.
However, most data pathological cavitygradually increase in size, due to the accumulation of contents and lead to deterioration of child health. Cystic cavity begins to affect the baby's brain is like a head tumor.
The clinical picture of the brain cystsmay consist of increased intracranial pressure, which is characterized by headache, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, sleepiness, or unreasonable anxiety and sleep disorders, and prolonged course of the disease increases the size of the head, the divergence of the cranial sutures and fontanelle cleft, child developmental delays.
When small amounts onset may be in the form of focal neurological symptoms, the main of which are:
- violation of movement and weakness in any limb,
- violation acuity and visual fields,
- doubling the eye, depending on the location of the cyst.
For example, at the location of cystic education sella (pituitary) the child appear endocrine disorders in the form of delayed or early development, including sex.
One of the main manifestations of cerebral cystsare epileptic seizures. With the development of paroxysmal attacks child must hold brain imaging to eliminate pathological formations, including cysts.
Upon confirmation of the diagnosis of a brain cyst and the presence of at least one of these manifestations of the disease to a sick child should immediately consult a neurosurgeon.
Treatment of clinically brain cyst surgery. However, there are 3 groups of surgical operations:
- Craniotomy and removal of the cyst along with its walls. This operation refers to a radical, but traumatic.
- Shunt surgery. Less traumatic. The disadvantages include the need for long-term presence bypass system, which aims at the gradual emptying of the cyst.
- Endoscopic surgery. It is also less traumatic. There is no need to implant a shunt system. Each type of surgery has its indications, advantages and disadvantages and are chosen individually in each case.