Grades and composition of honey
Honey - a sweet product produced by honey bees from the nectar, honeydew or sweet juices, in different parts of plants or trees, and of the substances released from the salivary glands of bees.
Depending on the source from which the honey, it is divided into two main types: floral and honeydew.
Fresh honey is a thick transparentsemi-liquid mass, begins to slowly crystallize over time. Pure honey remains liquid as long as it is sealed in honeycomb cells located in the hive at 20-30? C. On the consistency of honey is influenced not only the concentration of sugars, but also their appearance. Honey contains large fructose (levulose), more liquid than honey, in which more glucose and other higher sugars.
Med retains a liquid consistencyspecific time, and then crystallized. The concentration of sugars, their form and structure are the main factors affecting the crystallization of honey. Crystallization of honey indicates its goodness.
Depending on the coloring substances present in thenectar (carotene ksantofila, chlorophyll, etc..), the color of honey may vary. Lightest honey - Acacia, with a barely noticeable cream shade. Over time, honey loses its original color. Usually it darkens and lightens during crystallization.
Different varieties of honey and flavor. The smell of honey is determined by the presence in it of characteristic volatile organic substances in the nectar of flowers. Essential oils secreted by special glands cells located adjacent to the nectaries, have excellent specificity, thanks to which it is possible to accurately determine the origin of honey. The intensity of flavor depends on the amount of volatile organic compounds in honey.
Honey different from other foodproduct a pleasant taste, depending on its origin and composition. The sweetness of honey depends directly on the concentration of the constituent sugars and their origin. The most sweet is honey, which is dominated by fructose.
The honey composition found - phosphorus, iron, magnesium, calcium, chlorine, copper, sulfur, lead and other minerals. Honey is the richest in trace elements of plant-animal product.
The honey also contains some vitamins: BI, B2, pantothenic acid, PP - nicotinic acid, B6, folic acid, ascorbic acid, vitamin E, K, carotene.
The beneficial properties of honey
According to the scientists found in honey and biogenicstimulants, which increase the body's vital functions. It was found that honey is a concentrated high-calorie foods, you know the composition of the blood plasma and significantly different in chemical composition from other foods.
As a source of energy, honey is one of the firstTable seats caloric value of food products. Proteins contained in honey, plasticizer play a role in the body and participate in the formation of hormones. Minerals honey play a vital biological role, as due to their relationship with a number of enzymes, vitamins and hormones that affect the excitability of the nervous system, tissue respiration, the process of hematopoiesis and others. Enzymes honey promote the digestive processes in the body, stimulates the secretory activity of the stomach and intestines facilitate nutrient absorption. Honey contains growth factors.
The chemical and biological composition of honey makes itexcellent not only nutritious, but also an important pharmacological object. Sugar, honey coming from the body, not only are the energy element and yet provide a therapeutic effect. They are a universal detoxifying agent. Glucose and fructose contribute to the regulation of nervous activity, blood pressure, dilation of blood vessels, improve nutrition of the heart muscle, increase diuresis, improve metabolism, acceleration of cardiac activity, and they stop the bleeding.
Taken internally honey regulates acidity of gastric juices, increases the formation of mucin and is therefore recommended for the treatment of duodenal ulcers and hyperacidity.
Are of great importance and proteins (protein components), which are in honey, especially for children, which are necessary for growth.
Constant consumption of honey increases the immunobiological reactivity of the organism, making it resistant to infections and diseased organism easier transfers the disease.