Question №1. Do children get cancer? Perhaps only those who irradiating or who lead very unhealthy lifestyle?
Children, unfortunately, get cancer. Frequency - order
10-15 cases per 100 000 children. But in general, it is up to Russia
5000 new cases per year. Basically, it is a cancer of the blood and
lymphatic system (this is different leukemias, lymphomas,
Hodgkin's disease) to a lesser extent - tumors of the central nervous
system, bones, organs (kidney, liver etc).
Sick children are very different. Boys and girls,
infants and adolescents in towns and villages, strong and fragile, of
rich and poor families. Ways to protect yourself with a guarantee of childhood cancer
does not exist.
Question №2. Why do you think that is the problem of children with cancer, especially relevant?
In our country, cancer is the second place in the structure
cmertnosti children from 1 to 14 years. The first - accidents (injuries and
poisoning), but there is little we can do, and cancer patients can be
At the same time the efforts of relatives and doctors is
oncological diseases is often not enough. Modern treatment
leukemia or lymphoma, a very long and difficult, involves numerous
blood transfusion, and often purchase expensive drugs (one vial
such drugs as Neupogen, pentaglobin, Ambisome, Cancidas, Vfend
worth thousands or even tens of thousands of rubles). After many months of treatment,
As a rule, family resources have been exhausted, and need help and volunteers
Of course, we need the help and the other children. For example,
very difficult situation of children awaiting kidney transplantation and long
They are on dialysis. There are children with diseased liver, heart disease, with
cystic fibrosis and other serious hereditary diseases. AND
Now gradually formed voluntary society for assistance in Russia
and such children.
Question №3. Is pediatric oncology treated?
Children's cancer is now in many cases successfully
treated. In our country, it has become the truth from the beginning of the 1990s,
thanks to the introduction of more effective chemotherapy protocols.
Perfection and surgical technique. In developed countries, the statistics
at the present level of medicine can cure up to 80% of cases
cancer. In Russia, about 50% cured. In the "Third World" countries
- Up to 20%.
If we assume that the total number of cases equal 5`000 and
existing survival rate of 50% (2`500), then helping in the acquisition
applied in developed countries, expensive drugs and equipment,
mobilizing children to fight the disease, there is a chance every year to give life
even 1`500 Russian children reaching joint efforts have a real 80%.
Now the "fundamental incurability" of childhood cancer
- Obsolete idea. But it is enduring, because society
not well informed. The media rarely want
talk about such painful issue as cancer. If the medical
book for children called incurable cancer, it is likely you are experiencing
simply reissue of an old book, which does not take into account the new data.
Question №4. Why do children need a blood donor?
If a child diagnosed with "leukemia" or "aplastic
anemia ", which means that it not only need money for medicine, but also
blood. No matter how much funds or managed to gather, the child will die if
leave it without a blood transfusion. From this rule there are no exceptions.
Transfusion of blood - is one of the specific types of therapy in
hematological diseases, without which the patient dies within
2 or 3 months.
In aplastic anemia hematopoietic organ -
bone marrow stops producing all blood cells. This erythrocytes
raznosyaschie oxygen to tissues; platelets, warning
hemorrhage and bleeding, and white blood cells that fight
infectious processes, viruses and fungi. In the absence of these
cells of people die from bleeding and infection, harmless for
healthy people. Treatment of aplastic anemia purports to
cause the bone marrow to start producing new blood cells. But while
this does not happen, the child needs regular blood transfusions.
In leukemia, the period of acute illness
bone marrow produces only diseased cells, and after each course,
chemotherapy, bone marrow is about 3 weeks and no
produces blood cells, and the patient needs blood transfusions.
Some patients blood transfusions once a week, some - every
Question №5. Unless we are talking about full recovery from cancer? It seemed to me that the cancer may only time to retreat, and then come back again.
It is necessary to distinguish between full recovery and remission
(Temporary disappearance or reduction of clinical signs of the disease).
In this case we are talking about a cancer cure. In most
oncological diseases, if the child lived after 5 years without treatment
relapse, it is considered healthy - the likelihood of the cancer returning already
Question №6. And that, children may have recovered a full life? Or they remain profound disabilities?
Almost all the children have recovered mentally
usefulness, and in many cases, and physically. They can learn,
interact with other children, play sports, and on reaching
adult age - to work, start a family, have children. Of course,
and frequent cases of serious complications after severe treatment -
such as vision problems, kidney, bone and muscular
system to reproductive health. But in general we can not say that
all children who have had cancer, and will remain critically ill for a lifetime.
Moreover, if properly and timely treatment with considerable
part of the complications can be dealt with.
Question №7. But why, then, leukemias and lymphomas in adults are treated much worse?
Modern cancer treatment protocols are very
hard to bear. If in childhood and adolescence the body can survive
such treatment and recover, then in middle and old age, the chances
reduced. And when using other protocols worse results.
Question №8. Why do parents of sick children do not try to pay for the treatment themselves, selling their apartment or exchange it for the worse?
so often it happens - people sell everything
It can be sold, including housing. But the output is not available to all.
Firstly, if the family came to the treatment of impoverished small
town or village (quite common situation), then the value
an apartment or a private home is not nearly enough for the treatment. And there are
family of hostels, of communal, from damaged houses.
Secondly, if you sell an apartment, then after the end of
the treatment is necessary to think about paying apartment rent. A family at this time
often in such a financial situation that barely
Scrape food. If we are talking about a single mother or
lone father with a child (not a secret that sick children are often family
fall), they may be without any means of
the existence, in addition to meager pensions, as adult because of the need
permanent care of a child loses his job.
Thirdly, at a very dilapidated housing can not be changed,
Stay as it is extremely dangerous for a baby with low
immunity. Because colds and, worst of all, due to the fungus. There
other difficulties. In other words, sell or exchange an apartment - it
only possible way out for the relatively well-off families living in
major cities. And the others are looking for help from philanthropists.
Question №9. I heard that in Russia the state pays for children to chemotherapy. Why, then, need sponsorship money for treatment?
Not always and not all the necessary preparations have
in hospitals. Specifically, for example, often require high costs
modern antibiotics and antifungals, allowing
coping with serious infectious complications (as at
chemotherapy, immune defense of the body weakens sharply, the problem of infections
It is one of the key). They usually have to buy on their own
money - or sponsorship if their funds there. Not
Payable budget a number of analyzes and studies (eg,
CT scan). Not paid significant part of the cost of
bone marrow transplantation. During treatment and ongoing care
the child's family are often poorer so that there is no money
only medicines, but even everyday household needs.
Question number 10. How to distinguish between genuine charity websites and pages from "
This is a big problem, because fraudulent websites appear regularly. But we can give some advice.
First, the site is well-formed ad
the charity by searching must contain
Only account numbers and e-mail address and other coordinates, for
communication and information verification. For example, in the case of the search for money
individual patient, - the name of the hospital, as well as the name and title
the attending physician; in case the fund - its details, telephone, copy
registration documents, etc. In addition, if the specified bank
details of a legal entity, it is useful to note that it is
benefactor asked to write in the field "purpose of payment". it
should not "transfer of funds under the contract of such a man," and "charitable help for the treatment of so-and-so." If the ad
compiled correctly, it does not necessarily mean that its author -
fraudster. Maybe he just can not imagine how should
Page look for help. But in any case, such
the ad should inspire suspicion and rechecked.
Secondly, on the contrary, there are respected and
trusted sites known organizations that have collected for many years
money for treatment of children. References to some of the sites are given at the end of
this list of questions.
Third, often taken from known fraudsters
charity sites real stories of children, but their point
Bank details. In order to eliminate this type of fraud, it is useful,
for example, to see a search program on the Internet, is there anywhere else
More sites for assistance that is written for children or just
these words, and then compare the bank details.