Risk factors for breast cancer


Risk factors for breast cancerBreast cancer (BC) ranks firstfrequency. Only every fifth case detected on routine inspection. Running stage detected in nearly half the cases. About two-thirds of women with breast cancer who did not know about the risk factors.

The greatest risk of developing breast cancer at the age of 55-65 years. At the beginning of the month before 13 years the risk of breast cancer increases by 2-2.5 times. Contribute to the development of breast cancer late menopause (after 55 years), long-menopause.

Mastopathy with atypical epithelial proliferation increases the risk of 3 times.

Oral contraceptives slightly increase the risk only in continuous use for over 10 years.

When ovarian cancer risk of breast cancer is 2 times higher.

Use 50 ml of alcohol every day increases the risk of breast cancer by 1.7 times.

Breast cancer blood relatives on the maternal line - in 2 times.

Genetic predisposition - genes BRCA1 b BRCA2.

Potentially increase the risk of breast cancer, high-calorie diet, obesity, hypothyroidism, liver disease, hypertension, diabetes.

Fortunately, there are factors that reduce the risk of breast cancer: early first birth (18 years), breast-feeding at a young age reduces the risk of breast cancer after menopause.

For risk groups recommended examination by a specialist, since 20 years, with carrying out breast ultrasound, determination of the level of CA-125. The survey must be held at least 2 times a year.

Risk factors for breast cancer

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