Breast cancer (BC) ranks firstfrequency. Only every fifth case detected on routine inspection. Running stage detected in nearly half the cases. About two-thirds of women with breast cancer who did not know about the risk factors.
The greatest risk of developing breast cancer at the age of 55-65 years. At the beginning of the month before 13 years the risk of breast cancer increases by 2-2.5 times. Contribute to the development of breast cancer late menopause (after 55 years), long-menopause.
Mastopathy with atypical epithelial proliferation increases the risk of 3 times.
Oral contraceptives slightly increase the risk only in continuous use for over 10 years.
When ovarian cancer risk of breast cancer is 2 times higher.
Use 50 ml of alcohol every day increases the risk of breast cancer by 1.7 times.
Breast cancer blood relatives on the maternal line - in 2 times.
Genetic predisposition - genes BRCA1 b BRCA2.
Potentially increase the risk of breast cancer, high-calorie diet, obesity, hypothyroidism, liver disease, hypertension, diabetes.
Fortunately, there are factors that reduce the risk of breast cancer: early first birth (18 years), breast-feeding at a young age reduces the risk of breast cancer after menopause.
For risk groups recommended examination by a specialist, since 20 years, with carrying out breast ultrasound, determination of the level of CA-125. The survey must be held at least 2 times a year.