with the fact that the state of health of any person, including
pregnant women, according to the World Health Organization at
50% depends on the socio-psychological factors of 20-25% - from
hereditary factors and by 20-25% - of the environment.
pregnant women susceptible to various kinds of harmful substances,
the source of which is a space of its habitat. Harmful substances,
enter the body of the future mother can affect the growth and development
fetus. Namely, during the first 14-60-day embryo is exposed
greater risk, since during this period the main form and brain
organs of life. However, the child is exposed to danger
During the nine months, it is important to consider the type and number of
Air and Environment
studies confirmed that in different cities unfavorable
environment is to blame for the 20-30% of complications during pregnancy.
Scientists have long known about the relationship between air quality and morbidity
US scientists have proved that the pollution
the atmosphere increases the likelihood of having children with developmental disabilities.
More than a dozen studies conducted in the United States, Brazil, Mexico, South
Korea, Europe, shows the relationship of concentration of harmful substances in
atmosphere with preterm birth, low birth weight of the newborn,
stillbirth and infant mortality.
University of California (Los Angeles, USA) studied the effect on
During pregnancy and the health of newborn babies two main
Atmospheric pollutants - carbon monoxide and ozone emitted
combustion engines. Doctors evaluated the toxic content
substances in the air of the areas where the expectant mother, and
it was compared with the probability of a child's birth defects
development. The results were very sad - the more
pollutants contained in the air breathed the woman, the higher the
It provided the probability of having a child with congenital heart disease,
requiring cardiac surgery.
a pregnant woman is better to live in the countryside, in the country, away
Emissions from industrial plants and the most dangerous contaminants
air associated with vehicles. But if you do not have a
possible, choose a place for walking in the city away from the
highways, especially in the evening, because it was then
concentration of harmful emissions in the air above it all.
Water and Environment
tap water in major cities provide cleaning
structures. Will help improve the water quality of all kinds of filters, the most
the main thing - do not forget to change them regularly, because there are
particles accumulate heavy metals and the filter itself may become
a source of harm. Be sure to check when buying the presence of
Modern synthetic cover and the environment
fashion for synthetic coverings, carpets, linoleum, which may produce
phenol, formaldehyde and other harmful substances, can hardly be considered
functional and useful. Council is only one - to give
preference for natural regeneration of flat materials, eg
Another risk - excessive fullness
modern apartments appliances. If the technique works constantly,
it can have adverse effects on pregnancy and the fetus,
so do not sit for long periods in the microwave or working at the computer and
hours talking on cell phone.
Studies have shown that
the most "critical" is the second month of pregnancy, when
Most developing fetal organs and facial features are formed.
Contamination of residential and office space is the main air
a risk factor for the health of pregnant women. Such unequivocal
the conclusion reached by experts of the World Health Organization (WHO).
According to scientists, the indoor air of offices and apartments for 4-6 times
Outside dirtier and 8-10 times more toxic.
Indoor air and the environment
The sources of indoor air pollution are:
- chemicals got into the room from the outside;
- bacteria, viruses, fungal spores and mold;
- Dust (one of the main sources of infection);
- tobacco smoke;
- electrical appliances, especially TV screens and computers.
widely used in the industry for the past centuries. AT
Nowadays he is a part of gasoline, paints and other products,
used in the home and at work. Lead is dangerous for the health of everyone
person, in particular for children, as well as the unborn child.
High concentrations of lead can cause:
- the development of pathological course of pregnancy;
- fetal underdevelopment;
- premature birth;
- to insufficient birth weight.
Children are most susceptible to the toxic effects of lead, which is
It appears to change the physical and psychological development -
growth retardation, aggression, hyperactivity, as well as reducing
ability to learn.
In infants and children up to 7 years old can can be observed:
- stomach ache;
- ataxia (ataxia);
- loss of consciousness.
who live in the old (dilapidated) houses are more vulnerable to
exposed to high lead concentrations. About 80% of homes,
built before 1978 were painted with paint containing lead.
Peeling paint forms a lead dust, and she, in turn, is very
dangerous for the organism.
Contamination of volatile organic compounds
It is widely used as components of household goods
use. Paints, varnishes and waxes contain organic solvents,
like most of the cleaning, disinfecting, cosmetic,
degreasers and other tools. Solvents - a liquid
dissolve other chemicals; most of them very quickly
It evaporates in the air. Various fuels also consist of
- building materials, flooring and adhesives
- household chemicals, such as cleaners, hair spray, glue and paint
- clothing after dry cleaning may be residual solvents
- skin irritation;
- nausea, vomiting;
- nose bleed.
Electromagnetic fields and ecology
radiation (EMR), you can not feel it. However, it exists and operates on
human organism. The exact mechanism of effects of EMR has not been studied.
The effect of this radiation is not immediately, and as experience,
therefore it is difficult to attribute this or that disease, suddenly
emerged in humans, on account of the instrument with which it is in contact. But
Numerous observations suggest that EMR reduces immunity,
effect on the endocrine system.
During the pregnancy it can
- spontaneous abortion;
- premature birth;
- the appearance of congenital malformations in children.
radiation comes from many. Moreover, if several devices
are located at a small distance from each other, as if their radiation,
superimposed. In areas such intersections electromagnetic field
increases. It is therefore very important to set the right appliances.
the devices emit electromagnetic fields? All are included in the
outlet or run on batteries, accumulators. Refrigerator, coffee maker,
toaster, microwave oven, electric stove, hair dryer, television to a greater or lesser
degree of spread electromagnetic waves.
Radiation and Ecology
Everyone is exposed to some amount of background radiation (radiation in the environment).
- cosmic radiation;
- Radioactive substances in the soil (uranium, radon);
- radionuclides in products;
- equipment (X-ray).
It affects human health in many ways - redness may appear on the
the skin on one side, on the other hand - the cancer develops. harmfulness
effects depend on the amount of radiation on the type and time
Radon and ecology
Radon - a naturally occurring radioactive gas that has no color, odor and taste.
the likelihood of a high content of radon in the room is typical for
houses built on the ground. Radon source is uranium, which
small amounts present in all soils and rocks. Radon also
It occurs naturally in some water wells.
Therefore, the effect of radon is shown in varying degrees in different
Health effects: long-term exposure to radon
It increases the risk of lung oncology. According to the Agency for
Environmental Protection (The Environmental Protection Agency) of cancer
lung, caused by radon dying between 30 000 and 60 000 people a year.
careful and remember that the maximum permissible concentration (MPC)
designed for chemical compounds defined
with respect to the body of women is pregnancy. While
Pregnancy increases the body's sensitivity to women's
adverse environmental factors, among which in the first
It should include all chemicals.