Influence of Environment on women's health

Content

  • Air and Environment
  • Water and Environment
  • Modern synthetic cover and the environment
  • Indoor air and the environment
  • lead Contamination
  • Contamination of volatile organic compounds
  • Electromagnetic fields and ecology
  • Radiation and Ecology
  • Radon and ecology

  • Let's start
    with the fact that the state of health of any person, including
    pregnant women, according to the World Health Organization at
    50% depends on the socio-psychological factors of 20-25% - from
    hereditary factors and by 20-25% - of the environment.

    organism
    pregnant women susceptible to various kinds of harmful substances,
    the source of which is a space of its habitat. Harmful substances,
    enter the body of the future mother can affect the growth and development
    fetus. Namely, during the first 14-60-day embryo is exposed
    greater risk, since during this period the main form and brain
    organs of life. However, the child is exposed to danger
    During the nine months, it is important to consider the type and number of
    Exposure.



    Air and Environment

    Influence of Environment on women's health
    American
    studies confirmed that in different cities unfavorable
    environment is to blame for the 20-30% of complications during pregnancy.
    Scientists have long known about the relationship between air quality and morbidity
    newborns.

    US scientists have proved that the pollution
    the atmosphere increases the likelihood of having children with developmental disabilities.
    More than a dozen studies conducted in the United States, Brazil, Mexico, South
    Korea, Europe, shows the relationship of concentration of harmful substances in
    atmosphere with preterm birth, low birth weight of the newborn,
    stillbirth and infant mortality.

    Epidemiologists from
    University of California (Los Angeles, USA) studied the effect on
    During pregnancy and the health of newborn babies two main
    Atmospheric pollutants - carbon monoxide and ozone emitted
    combustion engines. Doctors evaluated the toxic content
    substances in the air of the areas where the expectant mother, and
    it was compared with the probability of a child's birth defects
    development. The results were very sad - the more
    pollutants contained in the air breathed the woman, the higher the
    It provided the probability of having a child with congenital heart disease,
    requiring cardiac surgery.

    Of course,
    a pregnant woman is better to live in the countryside, in the country, away
    Emissions from industrial plants and the most dangerous contaminants
    air associated with vehicles. But if you do not have a
    possible, choose a place for walking in the city away from the
    highways, especially in the evening, because it was then
    concentration of harmful emissions in the air above it all.



    Water and Environment

    Quality
    tap water in major cities provide cleaning
    structures. Will help improve the water quality of all kinds of filters, the most
    the main thing - do not forget to change them regularly, because there are
    particles accumulate heavy metals and the filter itself may become
    a source of harm. Be sure to check when buying the presence of
    health certificate.



    Modern synthetic cover and the environment

    modern
    fashion for synthetic coverings, carpets, linoleum, which may produce
    phenol, formaldehyde and other harmful substances, can hardly be considered
    functional and useful. Council is only one - to give
    preference for natural regeneration of flat materials, eg
    tree.

    Another risk - excessive fullness
    modern apartments appliances. If the technique works constantly,
    it can have adverse effects on pregnancy and the fetus,
    so do not sit for long periods in the microwave or working at the computer and
    hours talking on cell phone.

    Studies have shown that
    the most "critical" is the second month of pregnancy, when
    Most developing fetal organs and facial features are formed.
    Contamination of residential and office space is the main air
    a risk factor for the health of pregnant women. Such unequivocal
    the conclusion reached by experts of the World Health Organization (WHO).
    According to scientists, the indoor air of offices and apartments for 4-6 times
    Outside dirtier and 8-10 times more toxic.



    Indoor air and the environment

    The sources of indoor air pollution are:

    • chemicals got into the room from the outside;
    • bacteria, viruses, fungal spores and mold;
    • Dust (one of the main sources of infection);
    • tobacco smoke;
    • electrical appliances, especially TV screens and computers.



    lead Contamination

    Lead
    widely used in the industry for the past centuries. AT
    Nowadays he is a part of gasoline, paints and other products,
    used in the home and at work. Lead is dangerous for the health of everyone
    person, in particular for children, as well as the unborn child.

    High concentrations of lead can cause:

    • Influence of Environment on women's healththe development of pathological course of pregnancy;
    • fetal underdevelopment;
    • premature birth;
    • to insufficient birth weight.

    small
    Children are most susceptible to the toxic effects of lead, which is
    It appears to change the physical and psychological development -
    growth retardation, aggression, hyperactivity, as well as reducing
    ability to learn.

    In infants and children up to 7 years old can can be observed:

    • irritability;
    • stomach ache;
    • ataxia (ataxia);
    • loss of consciousness.

    Women,
    who live in the old (dilapidated) houses are more vulnerable to
    exposed to high lead concentrations. About 80% of homes,
    built before 1978 were painted with paint containing lead.
    Peeling paint forms a lead dust, and she, in turn, is very
    dangerous for the organism.



    Contamination of volatile organic compounds

    Chemicals
    It is widely used as components of household goods
    use. Paints, varnishes and waxes contain organic solvents,
    like most of the cleaning, disinfecting, cosmetic,
    degreasers and other tools. Solvents - a liquid
    dissolve other chemicals; most of them very quickly
    It evaporates in the air. Various fuels also consist of
    organic chemicals.

    Sources:

    • building materials, flooring and adhesives
    • household chemicals, such as cleaners, hair spray, glue and paint
    • clothing after dry cleaning may be residual solvents

    Health effects:

    • headache;
    • skin irritation;
    • dyspnea;
    • nausea, vomiting;
    • nose bleed.



    Electromagnetic fields and ecology

    Electromagnetic
    radiation (EMR), you can not feel it. However, it exists and operates on
    human organism. The exact mechanism of effects of EMR has not been studied.
    The effect of this radiation is not immediately, and as experience,
    therefore it is difficult to attribute this or that disease, suddenly
    emerged in humans, on account of the instrument with which it is in contact. But
    Numerous observations suggest that EMR reduces immunity,
    effect on the endocrine system.

    During the pregnancy it can
    lead to:

    • spontaneous abortion;
    • premature birth;
    • the appearance of congenital malformations in children.

    Influence of Environment on women's health
    Electromagnetic
    radiation comes from many. Moreover, if several devices
    are located at a small distance from each other, as if their radiation,
    superimposed. In areas such intersections electromagnetic field
    increases. It is therefore very important to set the right appliances.

    What kind
    the devices emit electromagnetic fields? All are included in the
    outlet or run on batteries, accumulators. Refrigerator, coffee maker,
    toaster, microwave oven, electric stove, hair dryer, television to a greater or lesser
    degree of spread electromagnetic waves.



    Radiation and Ecology

    Everyone is exposed to some amount of background radiation (radiation in the environment).

    Radiation Sources:

    • cosmic radiation;
    • Radioactive substances in the soil (uranium, radon);
    • radionuclides in products;
    • equipment (X-ray).

    Radiation
    It affects human health in many ways - redness may appear on the
    the skin on one side, on the other hand - the cancer develops. harmfulness
    effects depend on the amount of radiation on the type and time
    exposure.



    Radon and ecology

    Radon - a naturally occurring radioactive gas that has no color, odor and taste.

    greater
    the likelihood of a high content of radon in the room is typical for
    houses built on the ground. Radon source is uranium, which
    small amounts present in all soils and rocks. Radon also
    It occurs naturally in some water wells.
    Therefore, the effect of radon is shown in varying degrees in different
    regions.

    Health effects: long-term exposure to radon
    It increases the risk of lung oncology. According to the Agency for
    Environmental Protection (The Environmental Protection Agency) of cancer
    lung, caused by radon dying between 30 000 and 60 000 people a year.

    be
    careful and remember that the maximum permissible concentration (MPC)
    designed for chemical compounds defined
    with respect to the body of women is pregnancy. While
    Pregnancy increases the body's sensitivity to women's
    adverse environmental factors, among which in the first
    It should include all chemicals.

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