In light of recent developments in the nuclear power plant in Japan,also when reading the daily news on the Internet, many people are in a panic if you do not, then surely the excitement of the closest health. How to protect yourself from radiation, how to preserve the life and health of a few know. our site has collected for you expert advice.
Knowledge is power!
If 25 years ago, the fact of the tragedy inChernobyl nuclear power plant is not hiding, and centralized would have been taken the necessary measures, many lives could have been saved. This is shown on television every year on the day of the accident. Unfortunately, so far no one really did not mention exactly how to protect themselves from the radiation exposure. Try to understand.
I think that too will tell whatIt is radiation, and on the irradiation. This we have been taught in schools in the civil defense lessons. We will not give advice in the spirit of "what to do if you saw a number of mushroom cloud." Today we will focus on measures to protect against radiation, which any of us can ensure himself.
Radiation Protection Methods
With the word "radiation" from the ordinary man in the streetI associate the word "iodine". His need to drink at pollution, so we are assured from the time of the Chernobyl disaster. And people drink! And children make. And as a result - the strongest burn esophagus. At one site, I met recipe "therapeutic sandwich." The author advises to rub sandpaper lead crumbs, mix with oil, spread on bread ... and sleep. But Down medieval savagery! There are more humane, and most importantly, effective methods.
So, if you were in the zone of radioactivepollution, the first thing that you must visit - how to get away from the radiation source. The less time your body will contact with radioactive substances, the better for you and your health. If such a possibility is not, we take the following measures:
- We do not leave the area 2-3 times a day do wet (it is wet!) cleaning;
- shower can often accept (especially aftergoing outside), wash things. Regular saline lavage of the nasal mucous, eyes and pharynx not as important as when breathing enters significantly more radionuclides;
- to protect the body from radioactive iodine-131, enough to grease a small area of skin health iodine. According to doctors, this simple method of protection acts month;
- if you have to go out, it is better to wear light clothes, preferably cotton and wet. On his head is recommended to wear a hood and a baseball cap at the same time;
- in the first few days is to be feared fallout, ie "hide and sit."
There are several ways to clean up radioactivewater. The fact that most of the water is contaminated with radon - gas, very harmful to humans. Moreover, this water is dangerous not only for drinking, it is much more harmful fumes. Some experts advise to use for cleaning the charcoal filters (in principle, ordinary household jugs). Only shelf-life replaceable cassette is sharply reduced, so it needs to be changed as often as possible. In other sources recommend boiling - supposedly it completely cleans the water from radon. The effectiveness of these methods is, unfortunately, not one hundred percent.
The saving menu
So, we remove from its menu - fish, mushrooms,bone broth and pork. These products are quickly accumulate a radionuclide. With fruit cut away the peel, remove from cabbage stalks, vegetables soaked in water, finely cut and boil. Lean on selenium foods - liver, kidneysHeart, birds, eggs, sunflower seeds (exceptliver, it also accumulates a radionuclide). It selenium protects against the formation of cancerous tumors. We buy and use in the marine food or iodized salt.
Some manufacturers use entrepreneurial torque produced, for example, yogurt, which protect against radiation. I think you understand that this is nothing more than a PR stunt.
It is believed that red wine (and green tea!) Removes radionuclides from the body. Not really a true statement. Drinking 200 ml of wine a day, you only protects the body from radiation. This kind of prevention. By the way, it has similar properties and ethyl alcohol - a fact proven studies in mice.
Do you want to bring the heavy metals from the body? Eat jam, jam, jelly and marmalade. The fact that the production of confectionery pectin used. According to Russian scientists, the substance rapidly connects the radionuclides and almost completely removes them from the body in the feces and urine. By the way, you can buy pectin in any supermarket - look for bags with spices in the ranks. Well, then, cook jelly with wonderful powder and enjoy. In my opinion, this method can be used for prevention. Effectively and, most importantly, harmless!
Drug radiation protection
Several surprised by the fact that Russian scientistsWe have created a vaccine against radiation. It is a pity that in the pharmacy, it is not yet available, but only ended testing on animals. The results have pleased many people, only here to make a "vaccinated against radiation," we will not be soon.
Nevertheless, it is possible to take certainmedicines. But then our site readers should understand that through the digestive tract comes in several times smaller number of radionuclides, considerably fewer than the skin. And to further these drugs though a little help, you need to take them too often. To start, sorbents. Thus, 2-3 tablets before charcoalfood from death will not save you, but will bring some degree of radionuclides. The same effect and have enterosgel, Atoxil. It reduces the effects of radiation Eleutherococcus (1/4 - 1/2 tsp, add the tea 2 times a day). But without fanaticism - this means there is a contraindication (see instructions).
Take iodine-containing products is not recommended,especially people with impaired function of the endocrine system. It is better to give preference to any pharmacy multivitamin complex. So you yourself and not harm, and hypervitaminosis not earn (but in some cases is still possible).
How to measure the level of radiation?
If you do not trust information from officialsources and the media about the level of radiation in your area, buy dosimeter. This device quickly determine the level of radiation it is in your house / apartment / office. The pleasure, I must say, is not cheap. Moreover, as shown by a search on the internet shopping, even deficit. However, if possible, purchase household dosimeter. The simplest functions with a minimum of cost in the amount of $ 100 and above. Buy "fancy" with the mass function is not rational, because these features you are unlikely to be useful.
I want to say about the rules of background radiation. They are different in all countries and even regions of the state. According to some sources it is considered typical or normal figure does not exceed 15-20 mR / hr permitted - 25-30 mR.
We wish you to testify at the dosimeter would have never exceeded the norm. If you can share your method of protection from radiation, we will be happy.