Pediculosis - a dangerous disease


  • Lice - vectors of typhus
  • What to do if discovered lice
  • How to avoid lice

  • Without a doubt, the parents have already purchased allthe necessary supplies for school children and set up on the progress in gaining knowledge. But they did not forget about hygiene requirements? After the summer, many children were resting with his grandmother in the village or in recreation camps, where there have always been comfortable in order to have a good eye on him. The word "lice" in many of us causes discomfort. But remember it is still necessary. Unfortunately, every year, during the examination of children by doctors at the beginning of the learning process in students, especially primary school discover lice.

    Lice - vectors of typhus

    Pediculosis - a dangerous diseaseAs the number of head lice is growing, then it will be discussed about it.

    Lice throughout his life, while on the bodyman and feeding on his blood, in its development through three stages: egg (ie nit), larvae and mature lice. The egg has an elongated shape, yellowish-white, firmly glued to the hair due to a substance that highlights the female.
    Head lice often live in the scalp, mostly on temples, neck, top of the head.
    Lifespan adult 27-38 days. The female lays on the hair for up to four eggs per day, and during his lifetime, respectively - up to 160 pieces.

    Louse feeds on blood. Outside the human body head louse lives 24 hours, Hanging - 7-10 days. Spread parasites, crawling from one person to another during direct contact (for the moment they overcome 20 cm), as well as the use of common things.

    Contribute to the spread of population density, poor personal hygiene, significant migration processes.

    In recent years, cases of detectionlice in children who live in normal conditions, adhere to the rules of personal hygiene. This, to a certain extent, be explained by the biological characteristics of lice. These insects give preference to people who frequently wash their hair, and whose skin on the head, respectively, net. Since lice easier to suck blood.

    What to do if discovered lice

    If there was an infection of the scalp,- Child complains of itching primarily in the occipital and temporal areas. On the site of the bite of insects appears redness, which later disturbs the child. In case of head lice need to conduct appropriate treatment of the head, that is disinfestation. Very often the mother, fearing publicity, self-start treatment without going to the doctor, because this is now a wide range of products: Pedikulin, Peditsid, Nittifor, Nitilon, Lokodin, Lontsid, 20% water and soap suspension of benzyl benzoate, 10% water-soap -kerosinovaya emulsion, 0.15% aqueous emulsion of malathion.

    Apply on the hair one of the abovedrugs, tie a handkerchief head polyethylene and towel, soak the appropriate time in accordance with the instructions. Then rinse the hair with running water and soap or shampoo and apply warm solution of 9% vinegar, tie a handkerchief head polyethylene and towel, soak for 30 minutes, rinse under running water, then comb out with a fine comb the dead lice and nits. This is an extremely laborious but important process.

    How to avoid lice

    Lice can not fly or jump, but onlycrawl. Mostly children with head lice, become infected when they lean against each other heads. In addition, the transmission occurs through insect hanging close hats, pillows, blankets, combs, hair brushes or soft toys. When children change their hats or jackets or just hang them next to the kindergarten or school, lice easily move from one host to another.

    If you decide to cut the baby in the barber shop,do not rush to put him in a chair; first take a look, whether treated here tools for cutting hair after hair done the previous visitor. In public places, transport, and on the streets try to stay away from the grubby people. If you purchased the item, which was already in use, before putting on it, disinfect, and then another, and thoroughly wash.

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