Worms (helminths)

Content

  • Infection
  • What's happening?
  • What is shown?
  • How dangerous?
  • Diagnosis and treatment

  • They are divided into intestinal and extra-intestinal. As the name implies, in the first case, the worms and their larvae live in the intestines and in the second - it is: in the muscles, lungs, liver, etc. The most common helminth diseases are considered intestinal: enterobiosis and ascariasis.

    Enterobiasis causes small parasitic worms -pinworms. At length they do not exceed 1 cm One end of the worm is usually pointed, and the other -. Rounded. Pinworms color can vary from white and yellow to almost black. These worms are nocturnal: at night the females crawl into the rectum, and then the skin around the anus, lay eggs in the folds of the skin, and killed themselves.

    The average life expectancy of pinworms - a half months.

    Ascariasis cause larger worms - roundworm. In length they may reach 20 cm. Roundworm mainly parasitize the small intestine, so it is difficult to detect them in the feces. Lifespan roundworm - a few years.



    Infection

    Usually infection occurs by wormsfeces contaminated soil. For example, if you do not wash their hands and clean fingernails after working with the land, there is a dirty vegetables, fruits and berries. In addition, an important role in the infection of worms play fly. They are on their legs and proboscis worms transfer eggs for food. It is also possible infestation with worms and when swallowed water while swimming in reservoirs. Children are often infected with worms from the pet.



    What's happening?

    Worms (helminths) In the body of an adult intruderwaiting for the triple barrier. The first - the enzymes of the oral cavity, the second - the acidic environment of the stomach, and the third - the local intestinal immunity. Unfortunately, in a weakened body all these obstacles may not work. Then the worms still reach the intestine and develop into mature individuals.

    Over time, the human body is poisonedFood worms life. The patient increased fatigue, deteriorating or, conversely, increasing appetite and headaches. Violated the work of the digestive tract: pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, constipation and vomiting. You may receive anal itching. Sensitization to allergens - also the result of violent worms life. The consequences can be very sad - from skin rashes to asthma. Another negative effect of the worms - they undermine the immune system.



    What is shown?

    Symptoms of parasitic diseases depend on the type andnumber worms, as well as the individual response of the organism to worms. The first symptoms of helminthiasis: deteriorating appetite, there is nausea, vomiting or drooling, paroxysmal abdominal pain. Constipation alternating with diarrhea, develops fatigue and weakness, disturbed sleep. Upon infection, pinworms, patients concerned about the itching in the anus and perineum. Amplifies it at night and at rest. Sometimes he is so strong that the patient wakes up.



    How dangerous?

    For constipation, sudden abdominal pain and bloatingyou should immediately consult your doctor. Such symptoms may indicate bowel obstruction occurred. In severe helminthoses develop disorders of the nervous system: long-term headaches, dizziness, nervous tics. When ascariasis due to the nature of the parasite migration in the body attacks of coughing may occur. Often there are skin changes in the form of various rashes.



    Diagnosis and treatment

    If any suspicion of parasitic infestation shouldbe sure to consult a specialist, not to self-medicate. The diagnosis is confirmed by the usual fecal helminth eggs. If the first analysis of fecal helminth eggs were found, but the chance of infection is high, tests are repeated several times.

    For the treatment of helminth infections apply special anthelmintic drugs. The cure depends on the particular helminth species detected in the patient. Treatment is carried out at home.

    The criterion for recovery are repeated negative results of stool tests for helminth eggs.

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