Chickenpox is considered a children's disease. Almost every one of us,
having sadikovskoe past had chickenpox. Those who suffered
disease at older ages, with horror remember these few
Days in Hell: unbearable itching, the temperature is below 40 ... Therefore, in many
countries there is a tradition of "varicella matinees." Parents
prefer to go through some difficult days with a sick child,
but protect it from infection in the future. Otmuchilsya, we believe
themselves shall have the right to forget about this trouble. In fact, virus
varicella anywhere from the body is not going away and many years may
remind myself unpleasant disease - herpes leashamu.
Shingles (herpes zoster), contrary to popular belief, is not a
parasitic disease - the disease causes varicella-zoster virus from
gerpesovyh family. In most cases, the source of infection - a
sick shingles. But the disease can also occur in
through contact with sick chicken pox as viruses,
causing both of these diseases are related. However, in this case
Shingles occurs only in those who have previously suffered
chicken pox and has acquired a strong immunity to it. Scientists explain this
so: after chicken pox in the body retained its causative agent,
which does not manifest itself. But if a person comes into contact again with the
this infection, the virus is activated and develops the disease. but
this time not chicken pox and shingles.
It happens, and vice versa:
contact with a patient cause shingles (usually in children)
varicella disease. It is noted that herpes zoster
susceptible basically age group of 50 people. And more than 60%
people older than 80 years have already had the disease. The explanation is simple: at
the elderly immune system is much lower than that of young people, their bodies more
susceptible to the virus. Exacerbated chronic disease and their background
Herpes is easier to take possession of the body. And do not forget that it was my grandmother and
grandfather often remain sick with chickenpox grandchildren!
most cases, the rash of shingles located at
one side of the trunk or body (front or back) in the segment
nerve, through which the virus was released from the nerve plexus. Sometimes rashes
may appear on other parts of the body, including the head and face.
The first symptoms of the disease: the appearance on the skin of red plaques also
possible itching, tingling and burning of the skin. The pain is often localized at
nerve innervation of course, in most cases, one side of the body. All
it is accompanied by weakness, feeling of weakness, slightly
body temperature rises. Then appear on the skin blisters,
filled with fluid. They are broken and poured out, and in their place
ulcers occur. Within two to five weeks to heal sores and slow
crusted. Many disease at this end, but still
a very long time may be pain along the affected nerves.
There are atypical forms of lichen:
- abortive - without blisters;
- cystic - precipitation in the form of large bubbles;
- haemorrhagic - bubbles and blisters filled with bloody contents;
- gangrenosum - tissue necrosis manifested with subsequent scarring.
forms are treated the same way as a classic. The only difficulty
- The correct diagnosis of disease. Such a "masking" of the virus
can perplex even the most experienced doctors! The main thing - not to worry, and
ascertain the views of a few doctors.
zoster is negligible, and even close contact with the patient not
always leads to disease. Nevertheless, during the appearance
patient heavy precipitations preferably not in contact with small
children and the elderly.
Unfortunately, it also happens that the symptoms depriving already passed, and
affected areas for a long time hurt. This occurs because
the basis of this disease is damage to the nervous system: the filter
virus, the causative agent of herpes zoster, causes inflammation of the nerve
units - the ganglia. Pain is not only the first but also the most resistant
manifestation of the disease. Painless Shingles occurs only
in children. If the inflammatory process involved intervertebral
ganglia, which is usually the case, there is pain in the intercostal space. If
It affected the so-called Gasser's ganglion, located at the base
brain, nagging and constant (or pricking, jerking and
paroxysmal) pain is localized in the first region (or the second and
third) branch of the trigeminal nerve.
If treatment is started promptly,
the disease is usually favorable. Pain is weakened, then
and passes as completely remission of the inflammatory process and
the disappearance of skin rashes: about two to four weeks after
onset. When treatment is started with a delay (typically
the fault of the patient, not timely seek medical advice), malaise
delayed and fraught with complications, such as neuralgia. Then
pain can not be stopped for a long time, sometimes for years.
Also, complications of shingles are pyoderma (purulent
skin lesions), ulceration, scarring, neuralgia and muscle paresis, paresis
trigeminal or facial nerve, corneal ulceration and Panophthalmitis.
The contents of
rash clean, but do not use scented soap or
Aromatic oils for the bath, to restrict the reception of water treatment - it
can slow the healing of wounds. By rashes can be applied
ice cubes, pre-wrapping them with a clean cloth the pressed,
soaked in the infusion of chamomile. Wear comfortable and loose clothing from
natural fabrics. Take vitamins that promote skin regeneration
and nerves: vitamins B, A and E in the diet should be
enough fresh vegetables, fruit and bread.
for the treatment of
Herpes zoster on prescription use modern effective
Antiviral drugs: Famvir, Valtrex, aciclovir tablets.
Warning: the timely reception of Famvir and Valtrex protects the patient from
development of painful post-herpetic neuralgia. The earlier launched
antivirals intake, the greater the effect of their use.
rashes that appeared in the lower back and buttocks, take over
shingles. In fact, we are talking about genital herpes,
clinical form which is called "menstrual herpes."
The rash usually located on the buttocks and appear
shortly before or during menstruation. In this case it is necessary for
take prescription antiviral drugs, as well as
consult an endocrinologist for thyroid disease
cancer. You will have to hand over analyzes on hormones, and in case of illness
to undergo treatment.
Take care of your eyes
It can manifest itself as a disease of the eye! In this case, rash
It appears on the temples and eyelids, under the eyes. The eye becomes red, swells and
It hurts. Light enhances the tearing and frustrating sight. Several
bubbles may appear in the white of the eye. You must also immediately
consult an ophthalmologist! In no case do not self-medicate.
The eye should be closed: put on his pad and secure with a bandage. Doctor
you appoint conservative treatment. First, write out
immunostimulants, because without a stable immunity to defeat the disease is not
succeed. Second, offer external antiviral drugs group
Acyclovir: drops, ointments. Warning: they in any case can not be assigned
Statement by yourself!
You may need surgery and
intervention (depends on the depth and degree of eye injury). In severe
cases of possible penetrating corneal transplantation.
As you have had chickenpox, varicella-zoster virus rises to
plexus - nerve ganglia located near the
spine, it penetrates them, where is in an inactive state.
In some people, the virus can "sleep" for life. Others have a
Reduces immunity factors (for example, serious illness
or stress) virus "wakes up" and causes shingles. Before
the end of the activation of the virus causes are not clear. The diagnosis of "herpes zoster"
put simple - if the typical rash, accompanied by
painful syndrome, and their localization to specific areas of the body.
A significant diagnostic challenge may be atypical
rash, similar to the manifestations of herpes simplex, or zosteriformnaya
rash caused by the herpes virus. a decisive role in the difficult situations in
diagnosis play a laboratory study.
Natural pain relief
Oil can have a very significant local assistance: to reduce pain,
dry bubbles and act as antiviral agents. Better
use a combination of two or three oils. If bubbles are struck
small skin areas, two to three times per day lubricate them gently
oils. Use oils of bergamot, eucalyptus and Tea Tree. If the pain is not
passes, add lavender oil (Lavandula vera): it has
healing property. Its effect can be enhanced by taking infusion
lavender flowers, which will give a good relaxing effect. If the
termination of an acute attack you for a long time tormented by pain, help
, strengthens the nervous system, for example, 20 drops of tincture
oat seed twice a day or just abundant oats additives
diet (in the form of porridge) .Inogda shingles accompanied
depression. In this case, perfectly valid infusion of rosemary
(Rosmarimus offidnalis) - simply add in some morning tea
drops. To conclude the day, drink a cup of tea of lime blossom (Tilia
europaea) - it will help you safely protect yourself from zasnut.Chtoby
zoster, sprayed the room of the patient mentioned above essential oils: in
spray pour 600 ml of water and add 10 drops of oil. At the first
signs of irritation on the skin wipe it up with fresh slice of lemon.
To strengthen the nervous system to take vitamin B complex, try
lead a healthy lifestyle and avoid stress as much as possible.