Nebulizers: What are they and how to choose a device


Nebulizers: What are they and how to choose a deviceNebulizer provides uniform distribution of the drug over the entire surface of the mucous respiratory tract and accelerates the therapeutic effect. This requires much less medication than when used through the mouth, it reduces the burden on the body and eliminates many unwanted effects.

There are several types of inhalations. With steam inhalations, we are familiar with childhood: inhalation of steam through the spout of the kettle — Favorite for our moms and grandmother's media treatment. Oil inhalations are used in LOR-Practice in chronic laryngitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis, accompanied by mucous atrophy. Dry inhalations imply inhalation of the sprayed powder of the medicinal preparation. With wet inhalations, the drug solution enters the respiratory tract in the form of an aerosol or fog obtained using a special device — Nebulizer. This kind of inhalation is considered the most effective.

Who needs nebulizer?

As experience shows, nebulizer — The same medical device in the house, like, for example, thermometer or tonometer. It is especially useful to families where there are small children, because the kids do not like to breathe hot steam and nothing should be overthooting a kettle with hot water. The device will appreciate patients with chronic respiratory diseases, including with chronic obstructive bronchitis, bronchiectatic disease, bronchial asthma, fibrosis. Yes, and in the treatment of conventional runny nose, adenoids, pharyngitis and nebulizer angina can be useful, the main thing — Select the correct model.

What are nebulizers? Pros and cons models

Compression nebulizers transform a solution of medication into fog, passing it through the air under greater pressure.

Pluses of compression models: they allow you to use any drugs, they have a relatively low price.

With the help of a compression nebulizer, you can get different sizes of medicinal particles. What is it for? It is known that particles of more than 10 microns with inhalation are deposited in the rotoglot, and 5–10 microns — Mostly in the larynx and trachea. Droplets with diameter 2–5 μm fall into bronons, and less than 2 microns reach Alveol. Knowledge of these features allows to achieve maximum treatment efficacy in various respiratory diseases.

Minuses of compression nebulizers: they are very noisy, because children are afraid of them; In addition, they are heavy, that is, not portable.

Ultrasound nebulizers Turn the drug into the aerosol using ultrasound oscillations. The undoubted plus of these devices is that they are silent and compact, and therefore they are comfortable to take on the road.

Significant minus ultrasound inhalers: they can not pass hormones and antibiotics through them — These drugs are destroyed by ultrasound.
Mesh nebulizers, or membrane inhalers, first affect the drug with low-frequency ultrasonic waves, then pass it through a membrane with microscopic holes, filtering large drops, and only then mix the particles of the drug with air.

Mesh nebulizers Universal and combine positive qualities of ultrasound and compression models. They are compact, silent, they can use any drugs recommended for inhalations, but buyers often scare the high cost of instruments. For comparison, a good compression nebulizer can be purchased for two thousand rubles, and for the Mesh-nebulizer will have to pay at least three, and even five thousand. There are devices, the price of which is much higher, for example, Mesh-nebulizer of the company Pari costs about 30 thousand rubles — This is great «Elite» Technique designed for complex cases requiring scrupulous dosing of drugs.

Subtleties that should be considered

Nebulizers: What are they and how to choose a deviceFor home use in an ordinary family, with a history of not burdened with chronic diseases, you can choose a nebulizer based exclusively from personal preferences. Those who suffer from diseases requiring the use of potent drugs and accurate dosing, when buying a nebulizer should take into account some subtleties.

Nebulizers differ in the way of filing aerosol.

  • In most cases, the highlighting of the aerosol is not consistent with the breath of a person, that is, part of the medication is lost on exhalation.
  • There are devices that use the button pressing the button «Emission» preparation with inhale. The drug is not lost, but a lot of time is required for the development of this device, it is not for the use of children.
  • Nebulizers who themselves are activated when inhaling, ideal for serious patients. They are easy to use and do not require breathing control.

When buying a nebulizer, it should take into account the volume of its camera. After using the inhaler, it remains some drug, usually 0.5–1.5 ml. If a medicine-recommended drug dose is 5 ml, it will have to fill more, approximately 6 ml, and the size of the chamber must comply with this volume.

Final choice

The selection of the nebulizer depends on the size of your wallet and the tasks that you intend to solve with the help of the device.

If the house has a sick bronchial asthma, emphysemic lungs, bronchiectatic disease and other chronic diseases of the respiratory system, if you need to use hormonal drugs and antibiotics, requiring accurate dosing, perfect choice — Mesh nebulizer. It can be used at home and take on the road. It allows inhalation of the patient regardless of whether he sits or lies. Compression nebulizers are also suitable, but they are difficult to take with them.

If the house has a child and the use of a nebulizer is limited to the ORVI epidemic periods, you can buy an ultrasonic device. Apply antibiotics and hormones in viral infections No need, in the rest of the nebulizers of this type quite correspond to the pressing requests of the family.

If adult treatment is assumed and there is no need to carry the device with you, you can stop your choice on a conventional compression nebulizer.

Leave a reply