What is a pertussus? What are the symptoms of kokyusha? How does the pertussis treatment? Answers to these questions you will find in the article.
Sometimes temperature. Week passes, and it seems that the baby is recovering.
But dry cough instead of disappearing, in two weeks
enhanced, acquires an attacking character, worried about the child and
day and night. Cashleva attacks arise «Tolls», when baby ne
can do inhale, often he coughes to vomiting. So begins one of
common childhood diseases - whooping cough.
Poklumus refers to the number of sharp respiratory diseases. His
Characteristic manifestations - gradually growing attacks
Spasmatic cough. More often the disease is found in children of the younger
ages that it usually flows in severe form.
The obligatory vaccination against the causative agent of the cough was introduced into
Russia in 1959. This made it possible to reduce the incidence, and mortality,
associated with this infection, was reduced to almost zero. However, S
The early 1990s unreasonably increased the number of medical taps from
vaccinations, which led to the emergence of the epidemic. Peak it came to 1994
year, but now the incidence of cough remains at a high level.
The source of infection is a person - a patient or carrier. Transfer
Air-droplet disease (during coughing, conversation,
sneezing). The causative agent of Kokolusis (Bordetella Pertussis) is a short chopper with rounded ends.
In the external environment, the microbe is unstable and quickly dies under the influence
sunlight. In the human body, bacterium highlights a pertussic
Toxin, with whom the gravity of the disease. Risk of disease
High in children under five. Especially terrible Cocklush
For babies: there are even deaths with death.
Symptoms of Cockles
Clinical manifestations of the cough are different and depend on several
factors: the activity of the pathogen, the age of the child, his immune
Status. Unfortunately, immunity to the cough is not transferred to the child in
Mother's womb, so the most vulnerable children of the first three months of life are vulnerable,
as well as kids who have not started for any other reasons for three months
Vaccination against cough.
Incubation period (from microbe from entering the human body to
first clinical manifestations) ranges from 6 to 20 days, but in
most cases last 7 days. Three stage stages are distinguished:
Catarial, paroxysmal and recovery. In general, the disease
lasts 6-8 weeks. Catarial stage (on average 1-2 duration
During this period, the child is disturbed by a slight increase
body temperature, runny nose, weak cough, possibly tearing. On the
this stage is suspended by the cough, and not any other
Respiratory infection, it is possible only if there was contact with the patient
coup in the last two or three weeks.
improving the state, and sometimes without it, cough attacks are enhanced and
Students. The child repeats the series of 5-10 strong cough jolts
For one exhalation, followed by intensive and sudden
inhale accompanied by a whistling sound - because of the forced
Air passage through a narrowed voice gap. Sharp whistling
Inhale is so characteristic that even a special name - reprise.
Child's face during an attack blues or becomes bluing, the tongue is dried, eyes are rolled out, the veins on the neck swell. Heavy
cough attacks can follow one after another while the child does not
It is highlighted with a lump of thick viscous mucus, overlapping the respiratory tract.
Especially dangerous such attacks for kids up to a year, as they have
Maybe there may be easy to stop breathing - apnea. On the background of the attack
cough easily appears vomiting. The cause of attacks is
The focus of the excitement appears in the cough cerebral center.
Cough attacks quickly exacerbate children, they are frightened, can not normally
eat sleep, start to lose weight. Wrong cough can
chewing, chichanye, physical activity and even offer to a child's child and
Drinking. During this period, complications are developing that represent
special danger to children up to three years old, but most of all - for kids
Until a year. Often the cough is complicated by pneumonia: it serves the main
The cause of the dysfunctional outcomes of the disease in children, since often
Protect «Can not hear» For a doctor (the so-called «not mine» Light) I
Of the terrible complications there is also
The possibility of developing cramps (on the background of choking at the time of the bias).
Outdoor hemorrhages may occur, nasal bleeding,
Poodle and inguinal hernias, nutritional disorders. Recovery stage (1-2
weeks). Bouts of cough, reprises and vomiting proceeds everything easier and happen
All less. But cough (without attacks and apnea) can be celebrated during
a few more months, especially against the background of the infections of the upper respiratory
paths. In some patients, cough attacks continue throughout
For several years.
Treatment of Cockles
Baby Sick Cocktle Due to High Risk of Development
complications and danger to life should receive treatment in the hospital under
constant supervision of medical personnel. In the therapy scheme
Be sure to include antibacterial drugs and agents
The focus of excitement in a cough center. The right mode is very important
day, clean air, calm atmosphere, elimination of all factors,
contributing to the emergence of attacks.
The best opportunity to protect the baby from a dangerous infection - to make vaccination in time.
In Russia, vaccination is carried out from three months. Cocktle
The component is part of several vaccines allowed to use
in our country. This is an ADH vaccine (domestic
Production), foreign Vaccines Tetracoccus and Infanrix. Trunk
Vaccination ensures child protection for up to six years.
The effectiveness of the pertussis vaccination reaches 70-90%. Timely
Vaccination and exclusion of contact with patients will allow your baby