Everyone knows the word "appetite" in Latin
appetitus means "desire." This kind of feeling associated
the need for food. Prolonged absence of appetite food becomes sensation
Appetite - a very broad and universal criterion of the state
child health, particularly in the assessment of the mother. Rarely have to deal with
a child who eats a lot. Most parents and the older generation truly cares
or apparent loss of appetite.
The main groups of reasons reduce appetite:
- somatic (bodily changes associated with)
- anorexia (complete loss of appetite), pubertal exhaustion.
The criteria for the harmonious development of the child and the lack of organic causes
- good development;
- high physical and mental activity;
- tolerated load, age-appropriate;
- balanced character;
- the absence of vomiting and defecation disorders.
Somatic causes of loss of appetite:
- Inefficient power. For example, milk porridge for a child older than 1 year,
supplemental foods in time intervals between customary meal, profuse
the use of milk and candies.
- Acute and chronic diseases of the digestive system: gastritis, gastroenteritis,
peptic ulcer, hepatitis, and others.
- Acute and chronic infectious diseases: all viral and bacterial
infection with fever, tuberculosis, urinary infection
- Worm infestation.
- Iron deficiency in infants, even without the formation of anemia (low
border regulations in hemoglobin in blood tests).
- Zinc deficiency.
- The defeat of the brain: metabolic abnormalities, hereditary diseases, reluctance
- Diencephalic syndrome in brain diseases. At the same time, children can remain
- Respiratory diseases with respiratory failure.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system circulatory failure
(The defeat of the heart muscle with tonsillitis, sinusitis, heart disease). Wherein
often have fainting when moving from a horizontal position
in vertical, nausea and vomiting in the morning, weakening of concentration.
- Chronic intoxication: drinking large amounts of drugs, renal
failure, an overdose of vitamin D in infants, metabolic diseases
agents, radiation therapy.
Endocrine disorders: changes in the activity of the endocrine glands.
The reasons for loss of appetite
Causes related to the child himself: pain, shortness of breath, discreet
meal at an inopportune time (sweet milk), depressed mood (depression).
Reasons associated with the environment of the child, especially with
his mother. Mom always strives to better feed the baby, and sometimes gets
the opposite result.
The first option improper diet:
frightened easily excitable mom newborn refuses feedings
baby, fear of failure. In such cases, medical supervision
For the first few feedings.
The second option: mother offers the child unnecessarily
abundant food that the baby can not master. Frustrated mother is stronger,
the more effort she put into cooking.
The third option: young child
He wants to avoid unnecessary care. He refuses and from conventional power,
if the situation involves a meal with negative situations, if the brewing
the conflict between the mother and the child himself. This happens when mom pushed around by a child
the table unnecessarily limit his freedom, or require excessive purity of it.
The fourth option: dining table becomes
place "showdown." At the same time, parents can criticize the child
per day Errors and omissions home and at school, or at the time of eating constantly
remind your child about respect for good manners. In this situation, the children simply
They refuse to eat because of a conflict with the mother or parents.
Fifth Embodiment: Food poorly cooked, cold
or to a child are not neglected. This happens in diseases
or poverty of parents with babysitting negligence or the person who is caring
for the baby.
Sixth Embodiment: refusal to eat due to the oppressed
state. This occurs when a child is punished for any reason;
I lost a dear thing to him; at the mountain in the family; oppressive atmosphere around
(Hospital environment); if the baby feels a sense of shame and guilt.
Abdominal pain in children with psychogenic causes of decline
appetite - this is often a trick they use to reject food.
But such complaints do baby mother even more frightened and helpless. but
Additional examination and consultation in a pediatric gastroenterologist
the situation is needed.
Vomiting during forcible feeding of the child can be
manifestation of conflict with parents. Gradually, vomiting and refusal to eat may
be interconnected, or be transformed into less conflictual deviation:
habit of biting nails, stuttering, bed wetting.
Loss of appetite in children requires mandatory treatment
to the pediatrician to rule out any disease. It should be
and conduct additional diagnostic methods: complete blood count, a general analysis
urine, ultrasound of internal organs, and others. As a rule, the removal of "somatic"
reasons, that is, treatment of the underlying disease leads to the restoration of appetite
The absence of pathological conditions in children with reduced
appetite - this indication for psychological counseling. It is advisable to come
a conversation with the psychologist for the whole family for a common line of conduct