Types of psychosomatic disorders

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  • Psychosomatic disorders
  • Types of psychosomatic disorders



  • Psychosomatic disorders

    Psychosomatic disorders - Those various
    manifestations of violations of the organs and body systems, which
    arise and worsen under the influence of psychogenic (psychological
    factors).

    The criteria for distinguishing between forms of psychosomatic disorders
    are: functionality reversibility duration
    the existence, location, nature of the relationship with the peculiarities of the individual and
    the specifics of the psychological factors that determine
    the formation of these disorders.

    Diagnostic criteria for the various forms of psychosomatic disorders:

    • functional character
    • reversibility
    • The duration of
    • Localization
    • Nature of connection with personality characteristics
    • Features of the relationship with psychological factors

    In all cases, psychosomatic disorders in their pathogenesis we
    We see the participation of autonomic dysfunction and expressed in varying degrees,
    neurotic symptoms. The manifestations of asthenic syndrome symptoms
    depression, anxiety and hypochondriacal inclusion are common
    satellites psychosomatic disorders.



    Types of psychosomatic disorders

    • Psychosomatic reactions
    • Functional bodies neurotic disorders
    • Somatoform (touchiness of the subject in relation to the physical condition of your body) disorder
    • Conversion disorder (a mental disorder, including the appearance of one or
      multiple somatic symptoms that mimic physical disease and
      presumably serving to reduce anxiety)
    • Psychosomatic diseases

    Types of psychosomatic disordersPsychosomatic reactions - A short-term changes in the
    various body systems. These include: increased heart rate,
    increased blood pressure, change in frequency and depth of breathing,
    redness or paleness of skin, sudden muscle weakness,
    short break stool or urination, and many others,
    usually transient and physiological disorders arising
    after psychic experiences. Probably psychosomatic reactions
    It should also include a number of temporary changes, with the help of recorded
    biochemical research methods: changes in blood sugar levels, it
    coagulation or immune activity, etc.

    Functional neurotic disorders various organs: the heart,
    stomach, intestine, etc., are those functional
    disorders which mainly concentrated in certain
    agencies, and changes in these organs are clearly functional
    the nature, and we can not find objective evidence of lesions
    authorities.

    For somatoform disorders characterized by: a plurality of permanent
    complaints of unpleasant and painful sensations, the descriptions of patients
    approaching senestopatii, functional disorders,
    observed by several authorities, in the absence of objective
    signs of damage. Clearly visible relationship complaints
    patients with psychological factors. There are a variety of options
    somatoform disorders: somatisation, undifferentiated,
    conversion, pain, hypochondriacal, and dismorfofobicheskie
    unspecified. In domestic psychiatry somatoform disorders
    attributed to psychogenic pathology (including iatrogenic) and associated with
    dynamics constitutionally - lichnostnostnyh characteristics of the patient.

    The symptoms of conversion disorder clearly and symbolically
    manifested personality traits of patients and the impact of traumatic
    factor a.

    The origins of classic psychosomatic diseasesto
    which, as a rule, include: peptic ulcer
    ulcers, asthma, hypertension, neurodermatitis,
    non-specific arthritis, hyperthyroidism, and ulcerative colitis,
    To determine the etiologic role adverse psychological
    factor. It also exacerbates the disease, leading to relapse and
    essentially paints the clinical symptoms of the disease. But,
    objective research methods reveal organic damage
    tissues of various organs, usually caused by prolonged
    dysfunction of these organs.


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