Women are more prone to panic disorder than
men. The exact cause of panic disorder has not been established, but the OL
usually associated with stressful and critical situations, experiences. AT
certain extent, panic disorder can be conventionally considered family
Frequent panic attacks lead to
the development of anxiety panic disorder. Persons suffering from PR, are often subject to
all sorts of phobias and obsessions, such as social phobia, agoraphobia, and
depression. Many people suffering from PR, consider their shameful condition,
so often hide it from their friends and relatives. They suffer in silence,
increasingly plunging into the abyss of fear and moving away from a hostile - their
view - of the external world. Therefore it is very important to understand that panic
disorder - a mental illness, and, like any disease, it lends itself to
treatment. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of panic disorder.
this panic disorder?
Panic disorder - a type of anxiety disorder in which
patients suffering from
frequent periodic panic attacks that occur in heavy
form. Panic disorder is characterized by sudden and frequent
fear accompanied by physical changes (rapid
chest pain, dizziness, feeling of breathlessness, feeling
and so forth.).
A panic attack can happen at any time and in any place.
A panic attack
is generally defined as a sudden sensation of strong, compelling and
irrational fear, which reaches a peak within several minutes
accompanied by a number of symptoms. Panic attacks are also sometimes associated
alcoholism and drug addiction, hyperthyroidism (increased activity of the thyroid
cancer) and intake of certain drugs.
Patients suffering from panic disorder,
often experience panic attacks -
sudden episodes of severe anxiety. For panic attacks, especially in
onset of the disease typically start unexpected - without precursors and without
apparent reason. it
main symptom of panic disorder.
Along with panic attacks, isolated
symptoms of panic disorder:
- The paralyzing sense of panic
- The feeling of suffocation
or lack of very pleasant soft step
unsteadiness or staggering when walking
- nausea and
changing sensations "hot-cold"
- Chest pain or a feeling of "tightness" in the
- Numbness or tingling in the fingers and toes
- Fear of death,
fear of going crazy or losing temper
- The feeling of "strangeness"
or "unreality" of the surrounding.
In addition, panic disorder is characterized by such features:
- A sudden feeling of anxiety and groundless,
rapidly growing and reaches a peak within a few minutes.
- A panic attack is not easy to stop.
- The fear that the patient is experiencing at the time
attack has nothing to do with external circumstances, and his strength did not
It corresponds to the actual situation
- The attack is stopped after a few minutes,
but may be repeated in the near future.
Panic attacks are not dangerous
to human life or health, but it is a terrible condition in which a person does not
can control their feelings and emotions, and becomes completely defenseless.
Panic disorder gradually undermines human confidence and
faith in others, so the patient can not communicate normally because of
the strongest feelings of insecurity.
Treatment of panic disorder
For the treatment of panic
use disorders and cognitive behavioral (behavioral) therapy.
The first stage of treatment - information. Patients receive detailed information
about the disease, its possible causes, symptoms and treatment of the future.
They must understand that their fears to go mad or die of a heart attack
absolutely groundless. An experienced therapist helps patients change thinking paradigm
- Perform cognitive restructuring. The therapist helps the patient develop
an optimistic outlook on life and realistically treat panic attacks.
Behavioral or behavioral therapy
It helps patients regain control of their behavior. At sessions
behavioral therapy teaches patients to find a way out of difficult life
situations (using the imitation of such conditions). Behavioural
therapy increases self-esteem of patients and return them confidence.
Cognitive therapy helps patients
transform destructive mental schema design. The patient was offered
analyze their thoughts and learn to distinguish between rational thought from thinking about
impossible. Cognitive therapy helps patients to identify possible
causes a panic attack.
Although the causes of panic attacks are individual,
possible triggers can be unpleasant or frightening thought, a slight acceleration
heart, circumstances, etc. Through cognitive therapy patients understand
between panic attacks and its apparent cause there is no connection. When
the patient understands the irrational fear, panic attacks frequency decreases.
teaches the patient to develop the skills of recovery after the panic attacks, as well as
monitor its status in the future.
Relaxation techniques help
patients cope with panic attacks. Patients are taught the skills of positive thinking,
breathing exercises, etc. Particular attention is paid to breathing regulation,
because during the attack, breathing becomes frequent and intermittent. Breathing techniques
also help patients cope with stress, which increase
anxiety and are often the trigger panic attacks.
It is also very useful for communication in groups
support, where the patient can learn from the experience of others. Attention and support (even
even tacit) fellow sufferers is very helpful in the treatment of panic
It recommended for patients who have inadequate therapy for the treatment of
panic disorder. In some cases, in addition to the therapy
prescribed antidepressants and drugs that lower anxiety. Medication
treatment is effective in most cases, but it should be under
supervision of a physician.
The duration of treatment depends on
severity of the disease and usually is 10 - 20 weeks per year. Skilled
psychologist or therapist who has experience working with people with
anxiety or depressive disorders, will be able to cope with the PR treatment.