Panic Disorder? The main thing is not to panic

Content

  • What is panic disorder?
  • The symptoms of panic disorder
  • Treatment of panic disorder


  • Panic Disorder? The main thing is not to panic
    Women are more prone to panic disorder than
    men. The exact cause of panic disorder has not been established, but the OL
    usually associated with stressful and critical situations, experiences. AT
    certain extent, panic disorder can be conventionally considered family
    disease.

    Frequent panic attacks lead to
    the development of anxiety panic disorder. Persons suffering from PR, are often subject to
    all sorts of phobias and obsessions, such as social phobia, agoraphobia, and
    depression. Many people suffering from PR, consider their shameful condition,
    so often hide it from their friends and relatives. They suffer in silence,
    increasingly plunging into the abyss of fear and moving away from a hostile - their
    view - of the external world. Therefore it is very important to understand that panic
    disorder - a mental illness, and, like any disease, it lends itself to
    treatment. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of panic disorder.



    what

    this panic disorder?

    Panic disorder - a type of anxiety disorder in which
    patients suffering from
    frequent periodic panic attacks that occur in heavy
    form. Panic disorder is characterized by sudden and frequent
    bouts
    fear accompanied by physical changes (rapid
    palpitations,
    chest pain, dizziness, feeling of breathlessness, feeling
    heavy stomach
    and so forth.).

    A panic attack can happen at any time and in any place.
    A panic attack
    is generally defined as a sudden sensation of strong, compelling and
    irrational fear, which reaches a peak within several minutes
    and
    accompanied by a number of symptoms. Panic attacks are also sometimes associated
    alcoholism and drug addiction, hyperthyroidism (increased activity of the thyroid
    cancer) and intake of certain drugs.



    symptoms

    panic disorders

    Patients suffering from panic disorder,
    often experience panic attacks -
    sudden episodes of severe anxiety. For panic attacks, especially in
    onset of the disease typically start unexpected - without precursors and without
    apparent reason. it
    main symptom of panic disorder.

    Along with panic attacks, isolated
    symptoms of panic disorder:

    • The paralyzing sense of panic
    • Rapid
      heartbeat
    • The feeling of suffocation
      or lack of very pleasant soft step
    • Sweating,
      unsteadiness or staggering when walking
    • nausea and
      dizziness
    • fast
      changing sensations "hot-cold"
    • Chest pain or a feeling of "tightness" in the
      chest.
    • Numbness or tingling in the fingers and toes
    • Fear of death,
      fear of going crazy or losing temper
    • The feeling of "strangeness"
      or "unreality" of the surrounding.

    In addition, panic disorder is characterized by such features:

    • A sudden feeling of anxiety and groundless,
      rapidly growing and reaches a peak within a few minutes.
    • A panic attack is not easy to stop.
    • The fear that the patient is experiencing at the time
      attack has nothing to do with external circumstances, and his strength did not
      It corresponds to the actual situation
    • The attack is stopped after a few minutes,
      but may be repeated in the near future.

    Panic attacks are not dangerous
    to human life or health, but it is a terrible condition in which a person does not
    can control their feelings and emotions, and becomes completely defenseless.
    Panic disorder gradually undermines human confidence and
    faith in others, so the patient can not communicate normally because of
    the strongest feelings of insecurity.



    Treatment of panic disorder

    Panic Disorder? The main thing is not to panic
    For the treatment of panic
    use disorders and cognitive behavioral (behavioral) therapy.
    The first stage of treatment - information. Patients receive detailed information
    about the disease, its possible causes, symptoms and treatment of the future.
    They must understand that their fears to go mad or die of a heart attack
    absolutely groundless. An experienced therapist helps patients change thinking paradigm
    - Perform cognitive restructuring. The therapist helps the patient develop
    an optimistic outlook on life and realistically treat panic attacks.

    Behavioral or behavioral therapy
    It helps patients regain control of their behavior. At sessions
    behavioral therapy teaches patients to find a way out of difficult life
    situations (using the imitation of such conditions). Behavioural
    therapy increases self-esteem of patients and return them confidence.

    Cognitive therapy helps patients
    transform destructive mental schema design. The patient was offered
    analyze their thoughts and learn to distinguish between rational thought from thinking about
    impossible. Cognitive therapy helps patients to identify possible
    causes a panic attack.

    Although the causes of panic attacks are individual,
    possible triggers can be unpleasant or frightening thought, a slight acceleration
    heart, circumstances, etc. Through cognitive therapy patients understand
    between panic attacks and its apparent cause there is no connection. When
    the patient understands the irrational fear, panic attacks frequency decreases.

    Cognitive-behavioral therapy
    teaches the patient to develop the skills of recovery after the panic attacks, as well as
    monitor its status in the future.

    Relaxation techniques help
    patients cope with panic attacks. Patients are taught the skills of positive thinking,
    breathing exercises, etc. Particular attention is paid to breathing regulation,
    because during the attack, breathing becomes frequent and intermittent. Breathing techniques
    also help patients cope with stress, which increase
    anxiety and are often the trigger panic attacks.

    It is also very useful for communication in groups
    support, where the patient can learn from the experience of others. Attention and support (even
    even tacit) fellow sufferers is very helpful in the treatment of panic
    disorders.

    medication
    It recommended for patients who have inadequate therapy for the treatment of
    panic disorder. In some cases, in addition to the therapy
    prescribed antidepressants and drugs that lower anxiety. Medication
    treatment is effective in most cases, but it should be under
    supervision of a physician.

    The duration of treatment depends on
    severity of the disease and usually is 10 - 20 weeks per year. Skilled
    psychologist or therapist who has experience working with people with
    anxiety or depressive disorders, will be able to cope with the PR treatment.

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