What is synovitis
Synovitis characterized by inflammation of the synovialshell, its restricted limits and accumulation of effusion in the cavity is lined with it (in the bursa, tendon sheath, joint cavity). Most often affects the joints - the knee, the elbow, the ray-wrist, ankle. Synovitis develops mainly in one joint, at least in several joints (polyarthritis in example).
The causes are diverse synovitis. They are divided into two large groups - infectious and aseptic. Among traumatic aseptic synovitis prevail, then the allergic, neurogenic, caused by endocrine disorders, and infectious synovitis OE reason may be pathogens that cause non-specific (staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, and OE) and specific (tuberculous mycobacteria and OE) in inflammatory processes synovium, where they come from the environment through the wound contact, hematogenous or by lymphogenous of infectious foci within the body.
By the nature of effusion synovitis divided into serous, serous-fibrinoid (adhesive), hemorrhagic and purulent. According to the clinical course of synovitis are acute and chronic.
The prognosis of synovitis depend on the stateorganism and the virulence of the microflora, and the timely and proper treatment. Along with complete recovery (maintaining joint movement), more common in serous and allergic synovitis may develop stiffness and immobility in the joints. In severe acute purulent synovitis often creates a threat to the life of the patient in connection with the development of sepsis. Of specific inflammation in the synovium are more likely to occur tuberculosis and syphilitic lesions.