What are the social aspects of the disease?
According to statistics, 60-80% of young people aged 12 to 24 years
prone to acne. It would seem, why not? commonplace
pimples! However, they are often the cause of
pathological anxiety sensations, and in some cases
provoke the development of depression. People suffering from acne, usually
They have difficulties in adapting the social environment, including the above
the percentage of unemployed people and single persons.
The presence of acne on his face has
sometimes such a strong influence on the psyche of young men or women, which leads
eventually to suicidal attempts. Recently, among the young residents
Germany, the survey was conducted, the aim of which was to determine the effect of
skin condition girls self-awareness. It turned out that the presence of
normal skin happy and attractive felt like 75%
respondents. However, only 1.5% of girls whose skin was exposed
acne, could say about myself the same thing. But 35% of them
feel depressed, 35% - uncertain, and 30% - even
So why are there these hateful pimples?
the reason lies in the violation of the sebaceous glands, which
located in the skin around the hair follicles. They are especially numerous in the
represented in the forehead, nose, chin, and chest and back.
That is why these areas of the skin most prone to acne. She is
It occurs when the sebaceous glands begin to secrete sebum
more than the norm, and its chemical composition is also changing.
say that the sebaceous glands are holocrine glands type. it
It means that the cell secreting fat dies and then transformed into
horny scales, which comes out of the lumen of the gland to the surface
skin. When acne such cells significantly speed keratinization
raised, they do not have time to release the gland duct, the mouth of the duct
locked and in the follicle accumulates a large amount of skin
fat. Thus formed acne. They are in no way to express themselves, while their
not "occupy" the bacteria.
The fact that hair follicle -
The favorite habitat of Corynebacterium acne, which is translated from
Latin means "eels". Its reproduction leads to disruption
the integrity of the follicle epithelium, accumulation in it of active products
life of bacteria, which are mediators of inflammation. Moreover, in
the pathological process may involve both surface and
deep layers of the skin, which, in fact, leads to a different
What mechanisms regulate the secretion of the sebaceous glands?
Speaking about the violation of the sebaceous glands and the problems with it
related, we have not yet touched on the most important question: what governs
their secretion? There are two "control" mechanism of this process.
First - neurogenic. It is known that many mental and nervous
disease may be accompanied by increased skin fat and vegetative
imbalance - a frequent companion oily skin.
The second mechanism -
hormone. By stimulating hormone sebum,
are corticosteroids - hormones of the adrenal cortex, and
androgens and progesterone. The opposite effect is estrogen -
they inhibit the excretion of fat. In the body of a young girl during the
the formation of ovarian maintenance of male sex hormones -
androgens - can be improved. They also cause enhanced function
What methods can be used to treat acne?
Currently, there are effective treatments for various forms of
acne. Mild disease focus is on
the right facial skin care, hygiene regularity. For
they recommend the use of antibacterial soap,
special cleansing and soothing the skin foams, lotions, tonics,
aqueous-alcoholic mash. Selection of external dermatological
drugs is a doctor-cosmetologist, as, indeed,
and the question of the expediency of peeling procedures. Therefore
Patients should also be careful in choosing
cosmetics and decorative cosmetics is better to buy a
Treatment of moderate and severe forms
disease requires assigning system of pharmaceuticals, such as
antibiotics, hormones, and others. If you have reading widely
used physical and surgical methods for the treatment of acne and their
consequences. So do not despair: acne It can be effectively treated.