Asperger is one of the five pervasive (general) developmental disorders, sometimes
considered one of the forms of high-function autism (i.e
autism in which the ability to function relatively
Saved). Simplified can be said that persons with Asperger Syndrome
possess at least normal intelligence, but non-standard or
underdeveloped social abilities; Often because of this
Emotional / social development and integration occur later
ordinary. Term «Asperger Syndrome» Was proposed English
Psychiatrist Lorna Wing (Lorna Wing) in the publication 1981. Syndrome
Got the name in honor of the Austrian psychiatrist and pediatrician Hans
Asperger (Hans Asperger), which manifested the term «Autistic psychopathy». According to the initial descriptions of the
Asperger, syndrome is characterized by the difficulties of social integration
children in communication groups with peers, which is characteristic of healthy children.
In this regard, such children resemble patients with Kanner syndrome, but
differ from them sufficient safety and great development
Intellect, as well as a more favorable forecast of the disease in general.
Manifestations of syndrome
Like other forms of child autism, syndrome
Asperger begins in early childhood, but is diagnosed
Often only when the patients arrived in school, when the obvious
It becomes difficult in relationships with other children. Further
The limitations of communication increases, while reaching the degree of complete
from reality, although more often with the outside world for such
Children are ambiguous - some real environment factors can be for
they are significant, others have less importance, and the third in general
insignificant (for a normally developing child they have equal
Common interests with peers do not attract such children. Usually they
Replaced by special interests «Dusty», Distracted character.
The desire to solve issues about «Life», «Mirozdania» and T. NS. Combined
these children with ridiculous gathering of glands, pictures and other
Items that do not represent any value. In spite of difficulties
Communication, constituting the essence of autism, intellect and speech of patients
remain sufficiently saved. With average IQ values higher
are indicators of the verbal test of the vent. These children are enough
a logical thinking is developed, although in thinking can be detected
Trends to reasoning, symbolism and ambivalence of conclusions.
We are usually not aimed at all of its grammatical correctness
The interlocutor, changed and its melody, and the pace. Knowledge is difficult
Reproduce and extremely uneven. Active and passive attention
unstable. Motivating to action are inadequate goals and autistic
Interests in this case prevail; it is to fulfill patients
Direct the main energy. Encouraging to targeted
Activities are insufficient. Therefore, the behavior of patients in general is determined
impulsiveness, opposite affects and desires, no unity
and inner logic. Characterized by the appearance of such children: draws to
my attention is a detached expression of a commonly beautiful person («face
Prince») with poor facial expressions, a look facing the interlocutor, and
unexpected fixation of the gaze on random subjects and surrounding persons.
Often, the facial expression becomes concentrated self-served (eyebrows
shifted, the look directed as if inside him). Expressive
Mimic movements little, gesticulation depleted.
movements not enough harmonious and awkward. There are also marked
stereotypes (for example, swinging); Times stereotypical movements
can be very plastic (and even «Superplastic»).
Autistic games are often determined by irresistible attractions to them.
For patients with Asperger syndrome, attachment to the house,
combined with the absence of attachment to loved ones. Against the background of the described
mental features possible development of affective disorders,
erased obseciable food, appearance of hypochondria complaints, phobias. Such
The kind of violations usually occur during the periods of physiological crises,
Sometimes influenced by traumatic external factors. On the flow of syndrome
Asperger is difficult to judge, as there are no wide enough
Clinical Catenial Studies. It is known however, that
Patients with this syndrome can be trained in an ordinary school (although they
stay in the school team apart and are considered
eccentric), but more often more adequate for them is training in
Special schools for children with behavioral deviations. Further
Regarding sufficient development of formal intelligence functions
combined with violations of social adaptation and not fully complete
using the knowledge gained.
There are observations that patients
Asperger syndrome is often developing obsessive-compulsive and
Bipolar affective disorders. Origin of syndrome
Asperger, as well as early child autism, remain unclear.
The greatest importance is attached to genetic factors caused by
Congenital nature of violations. This is evidenced by the facts of accumulation
Cases of this syndrome in families of patients with this disorder and sometimes
increased frequency of secondar cases not only asperger syndrome, but
and early child autism. But along with the ideas about genetic
Conditions of this syndrome Many psychiatrists admit that he
Arises as a result of prenatal and perinatal damage to the central nervous system (central nervous system).