erysipelas disease


erysipelas disease
Among infectious diseases erysipelas disease takes
fourth in prevalence. The cause of this disease is
streptococcus, penetrated the body through damaged skin. The development of
disease affects the degree of pathogenicity of the pathogen and susceptibility to it
human. Erysipelas is contagious, and after touching the patient,
Hands should be washed thoroughly and treat alcohol or cologne. The group
risk are porters, soldiers, drivers and construction workers. In these areas
activities people are most prone to minor injuries, contamination of skin and sharp
ambient temperature changes - all these favorable
conditions for the development of the disease erysipelas. Background There are a number of diseases,
conditions which are also likely to occur erysipelas (foot fungus, diabetes, varicose vein disease and the presence of chronic foci
streptococcal infection).

Signs faces

The initial stages of the disease tend to
a fever, chills, muscle aches and head. erysipelatous
inflammation of the skin do not appear immediately, but only after a few hours, and sometimes
and days. Additional symptoms in some cases, acts as vomiting, malaise
and seizures. Self inflammation also accompanied by itching and swelling. By
nature caused by local changes in the skin or mucous membranes, face disease
are divided into four types:

  • erythematous
    form is characterized by the presence of a uniform area of ​​redness with clear
    Border edges and irregular shapes;
  • at
    erythematous-bullosa form around the third day of illness on the spot
    redness exfoliate top layer of skin and the bubbles are formed with a transparent
    the contents inside. In place of the burst of bubbles formed brown crust,
    which die off and remains young healthy skin. There are times when
    place bubbles can form sores;
  • the distinctive
    features erythematous-hemorrhagic form include bleeding in the affected
  • at
    bulezno-hemorrhagic form of the disease is similar to the development eritrematozno-buleznoy,
    except that inside the bubble does not clear the contents and spotting.

Erysipelas and its treatment

erysipelas disease
erysipelas disease - a serious infectious
disease, which can become infected and airborne. But if you
contracted agent of erysipelas, it is not necessary that you have
begin inflammation itself. There is an important role of genetics, concomitant
disease and triggers (abrasions, scratches, stress,
hypothermia, overheating, sunburn and bruising).

Hospitalization is required only in severe
disease. The main helpers in the fight against erysipelas are
antibiotics. To resolve comorbidities chills and fever appoint
antihistamines and antipyretics. The affected skin areas must be
handle antiseptic and bandages changed frequently. Erysipelas
It contributes to allergies, so you need to be very careful in applying
antiinflammatory ointment. In the mild form (when there are no bubbles) ointment
It is not necessary. If you do bandage, remember that you can not
bandage tightly, otherwise you break the blood supply to the affected area. Besides
antibiotics in the treatment of erysipelas performed well
physiotherapy (laser infrared therapy, the current
a high frequency local UV exposure).

Erysipelas disease tends to return again, especially
amid concomitant diseases. Therefore, the best prevention of erysipelas
inflammation is treated underlying disease. To avoid serious
complications (up to elephantiasis), do not start the treatment of erysipelas.

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